What are milestones in child development

Milestones in development: from infants to toddlers

What should I do if my child is lagging behind on some milestones?

Every child is different and development is individual. If your child is lagging a little behind for some time, this is still nothing to worry about.

When do most of the milestones in language development occur?

The language development is partly rapid. The second year of life is particularly important here.

Every baby has its own speed of development. Despite the big differences, there are still some developmental milestones that every child should master sooner or later.

In our article we deal extensively with baby development and briefly introduce you to the most important development steps.

Table of Contents

1. Children learn differently

Not every child adheres to fixed periods of time.

With the birth of the first child, life changes suddenly. The focus is on the baby and otherwise there is little time. But this is by no means bad for most parents, because the first year of a child's life is one of the most exciting experiences in life.

While a newborn is already able to turn its head and smile, it needs a little more time for the many other stages of development.

In order to ensure that an infant can develop largely normally, the first examination follows immediately after birth. In the course of the first year of life, five further examinations are carried out in order to control physical and mental development.

The focus of pediatrics is hereprimarily tests with regard to the child's reflexes and possible physical development problems. So size and weight are always recorded in a table in order to keep an eye on the individual development.

You can see a personal report from a mother about the development phases in the first year of life in this YouTube video:

Tip: Go to each recommended exam and otherwise try not to compare your child too closely to other children around you.
Differences and minor deviations from the norm are perfectly fine.

2. A small development calendar to keep track of things

In the following sections, we will show you important milestones in the development of your toddler in the first year of life in short tables and bullet points. Please keep in mind that the information provided here is only a guide.

However, if at one point or another you feel that your child is developing unusually slowly, do not hesitate to ask your pediatrician about it. In most cases, however, such concerns turn out to be unfounded.

2.1. The first month of life

No smartphone:

Children should not get their hands on a smartphone in the first few years of their life, as this could otherwise lead to myopia. You can find more information on this topic here.

In addition to uncontrolled head movements and smiles, babies are mostly noticeable by crying in the first month of their lives. Also, you will be one more often Ohh or Ahh get to hear.

The eyesight is still very limited. Babies can initially only see clearly in an area between 20 and 30 cm. So get as close as possible to your child. The ideal distance is when you are breastfeeding.

2.2. The development milestones in the second, third and fourth months

two months
  • follows movements with his eyes
  • can lift his head
  • begins to make more sounds
three months
  • is able to keep his head steady and move it
  • responds to noise by turning around
  • tries to support himself on his forearms in the prone position
  • laughs more often and recognizes faces
four months
  • increasingly tries to grab things and is increasingly able to hold onto them
  • can roll around or at least try to
  • the baby can classify different smells and favors certain scents

2.3. With six months, toddlers can sit

Babies initially need a little help to sit up.

It will take a while for children to stand. However, motor skills develop faster and faster, so that at six months of age, children can grip more securely and can even sit for a short period of time.

Movement isn't the only point where there's progress, however. The first major changes are particularly evident in the area of ​​language development.
Common gurr sounds are becoming more and more chattered scraps of words. Variations in pitch are also increasingly observed.

2.4. Seventh to ninth months - strangers are taboo for some toddlers

Sitting freely is no longer a problem and most children manage to pull themselves up on objects. If this doesn't quite work out yet, children are able to stand on their own two feet with a little help. The muscle strength is sufficient.

Crawling is very popular in this phase. While things are still going slowly in the seventh month, in the ninth month it is already difficult to follow the little ones.

Danger: Many children are strangers during this period, so it can be difficult to visit lesser-known friends.

2.5. The first year of life - learning to walk and speak

The first steps are still a bit shaky.

After about twelve months, many children begin to speak their first words. Only a few children at nine months are able to father and mummy accept. The understanding of language is much more advanced, however, so that a One year old toddler understands simple instructions and is able to implement them.

In terms of gross motor skills, there is a rapid leap from standing to independent running. The first steps are one of the most important milestones in childhood development for almost all parents. However, some parents have to be patient a little longer because the Phase can certainly extend over 15 or 16 months.

With their fine motor skills, children are able to hold an object with two fingers in the so-called tweezer grip.

3. Fast forward to the second year of life

After the first words have finally come out of the lips of children, the vocabulary increases at an ever faster pace in the second year of life. While many children still speak 10 to 30 words at the age of 18 months, at two years of age it is often 200 words. From this point on, there are more and more 2- or 3-word sentences.

In addition, children with two years of age

Balls are very attractive to most children.

  • eat with a fork (there is an increasing desire to influence diet)
  • hold a pen
  • dress alone
  • Throw and catch balls
  • Shoot balls and run
  • climb stairs
  • master simple puzzles

4. Tips for the whole family

Try to encourage your child and him To offer opportunities to develop yourself. Do not let outsiders confuse you, but adapt the respective ideas to the level of development of your child. However, try to stay open and Do not hesitate to see your pediatrician if you have any problems and ask specific questions.

You can always motivate your child during development by talking to them a lot and by supporting them when they try to run or crawl.

5. Buy books on child development milestones online

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Development milestones: from infants to toddlers
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Photo credits: bonnontawat / Adobe Stock, Oksana Kuzmina / Adobe Stock, pololia / Adobe Stock, st-fotograf / Adobe Stock, candy1812 / Adobe Stock (sorted by order in the article)