Malaysia is located in Indonesia
Borneo, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei
Borneo is the third largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea). It belongs to the Great Sunda Islands in the Malay Archipelago. Politically, the island is divided into three parts. The north and northwest belong mainly to the Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah. Also in the northwest is the small state of Brunei Darussalam. The south and east belong to the Indonesian province of Kalimantan.
Borneo's coastline is almost 5,000km long. Mangrove swamps make settlement from the sea relatively difficult. This explains the relatively thin population of the coasts by humans. The numerous rivers serve as traffic routes as far as possible. The topography of the island is characterized by an elongated mountain range that extends from the northeast to the southwest. The highest mountain in Borneo is Mount Kinabalu in the Malaysian state of Sabah at 4,101m. Together with the Puncak Jaya in New Guinea, it is one of the highest mountains in island Southeast Asia.
The climate Borneo is extremely tropical. The average temperatures hardly fluctuate (27.7 ° C in May and 26.7 ° C in December). The southern half of Borneo has a distinct dry season (April to October) and rainy season (November to March). The north has two dry and rainy seasons.
Endangered animal species such as the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), Proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Borneo elephants (Elephas maximus borneensis).
The population is made up of the Dayak, Malays and Chinese. The majority of the Malays on Borneo belong to the so-called tribal history. Deuteromaliaswho came to the island during the second Austronesian migrations (around 300 BC). They had an advanced level of civilization at that time. They brought the use of iron and mainly settled in fertile river deltas. Here they honed the art of irrigation systems and other farming techniques. Their predecessors of the first Austronesian migrations, the so-called. Protomalaien, came as early as 3,000-1,000 BC. To Borneo. Their culture was late Stone Age and was characterized by a simple crop rotation economy in agriculture and the use of stone tools. The Penan, an ethnic group that can be found in the hinterland of Borneo, go back ethnologically to the Protomalaia. The Penan were the last tribe on Borneo that still hunted the head. Another ethnic group on Borneo are the orang loudwho maintain settlements on the coasts. Orang loud means "people of the sea" and describes in a few words what makes up these tribes. The orang loud build villages on stilts by the sea and fish. Various tribes of the Iban, the number of relatives is estimated at around 240,000.
44% of the island's population are Muslim, another 38% are Christians, and 14% are animists. There are also minorities of Hindus and Buddhists who each make up 2% of the population.
Coordinates: 0 ° 50'22``N 114 ° 46'3''E | GoogleMaps | GoogleEarth
Literature on the subject
Articles on places nearby: | Kalimantan (0 km) | The Dayak (71.99 km) | Sarawak (252.44 km) | Kayan Mentarang National Park (271.31 km) | Sungai Mahakam (272.23 km) | Batang Ai (315.72 km) | Balikpapan (324.79 km) | Palanka Raya (350.19 km) | Gunung Mulu National Park (354.28 km) | Banjarmasin (460.57 km) | The Sunda Islands (466.55 km) | Kuching (494.42 km) | Kubah National Park (511.89 km) | Tanjung Puting (521.51 km) | Sabah (545.32 km) | Pulau Tiga (548.06 km) | Gunung Gading National Park (554.3 km) | Sipadan (558.72 km) | Mabul (568.39 km) | Kapalai (571.84 km) |
Round trips on the topic
Dayak and orangutans
The forest worlds of Borneo are threatened. Not only the orangutans are threatened by the deforestation, the way of life of indigenous peoples is also dwindling. You begin your journey to the last of their kind with a visit to Camp Leakey in Tanjung Puting National Park, where liberated orangutans are prepared for their return to the wild. There you will gradually be weaned from being cared for by Mesnchen until you can live independently in the forest. On one klotok, a traditional wooden boat, you drive over the Sekonyer into the park area and spend the night on board. You'll stay on the water when you take a speedboat up a neighboring river and see a longhouse (lamin) visit the Dayak. You celebrate together with the villagers, spend the night in the long house and learn more about the everyday life of the people before you return to civilization.
Pulau Selingan and Sepilok
Many endangered animal species live in the north of Borneo. This short trip takes you to the turtle islands off the coast and the Sepilok Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center at Sandakan. Every year sea turtles lay their eggs on the beaches of the Turtle Island National Park (July - October) and visitors have the opportunity to join the conservation project. Orangutans and sun bears have found refuge in Sepilok. You visit the feeding platform of the world's largest reintroduction station.
The Borneo Rainforest Lodge is an ideal starting point for exploring the rainforest of the sanctuary in the Danum Valley. The reserve was established in 1981 to protect the native flora and fauna. From 1986 onwards, various field researches were undertaken in the valley on the Danum River in order to document the impressive density of rare living beings. Visitors have been accommodated in the beautiful Borneo Rainforest Lodge since 1994. The lodge has 24 standard and deluxe chalets. These are typically built on stilts. From their private balconies, guests can enjoy the view of the Danum. In addition to the balcony made of Belian wood, the equipment also includes a ceiling fan and a private bathroom (hot and cold water). The area is particularly interesting for nature lovers, who can experience a wide variety of tropical plants, insects, birds and mammals in the wild. Some of the things that can be seen here are: Asian elephants (Elaphus maximus), Bearded pigs (Sus barbatus), Kleinkantschil (Tragulus javanicus).
Kutai National Park
The Kutai National Park is located in the east of Borneo. It is one of the few retreats for orangutans and other threatened forest dwellers. From Sangatta, take day trips to the sanctuary to look out for the animals. On the way you can also see many representatives of the diverse flora of Borneo.
Sarawak Deluxe Group Tour
The Group tour through Sarawak will every Monday already carried out with two or more participants. Together with your English-speaking tour guide, you will first explore the most important sights of Kuching. Another highlight is the Bako National Park, which is not far from Kuching on a small peninsula. There you can see proboscis monkeys in the mangroves.
Java and Borneo
Combine the cultural highlights of Java with a visit to the Oranutans in the Tanjung Puting National Park on Borneo. The trip begins with a detour to Yogyakarta, the sultan's city in the heart of Java. There you will visit the palace and the famous temples Prambanan and Borobudur. Then you fly to the large neighboring island of Borneo. In addition to the rare orangutans, the conspicuous proboscis monkeys also live in the Tanjung Puting National Park in Central Kalimantan (Nasalis larvatus), tropical birds, long-tailed macaques and colorful butterfly species. Take a houseboat up the Sekonyer and visit the various research camps and feeding stations.
Sabah - The land under the wind
The Malaysian state of Sabah is a Mecca for nature lovers. In the course of this round trip you first drive through the mangrove forests near Kota Kinabalu. The next day, turn into the highlands, towards the Kinabalu National Park. There are also many animal and plant species to discover here. Orchids, rodhodendrons and carnivorous pitcher plants grow in the tropical mountain forest. From the capital of Sabah we continue to Sandakan on the north-east coast of Borneo. Here you visit the orangutans at the Sepilok Rehabilitation Center and keep an eye out for the proboscis monkeys near Sukau.
The fauna of the Malaysian state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo seems inexhaustible. But many of the animal species that live here are threatened. During this tour you will equip the Orangutans paid a visit to the Semenggoh reintroduction center. Later on, you can search for, among other things River dolphins in the mangroves of Damai and proboscis monkeys in Bako National Park.
Tanjung Puting National Park from / to Yogyakarta
This four-day round trip to the orangutans in Tanjung Puting National Park begins in the Javanese sultan city of Solo / Surakarta. During the trip you will fly to the large neighboring island of Borneo. The national park in Central Kalimantan is home to orangutans as well as countless other animals such as the conspicuous proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus), rare bird species, long-tailed macaques and tropical butterfly species. Take a houseboat up the Sekonyer and visit the feeding stations Pondok Tanggui and Camp Leakey.
Deramakot Forest Reserve and Kinabatangan
The round trip in North Sabah on the island of Borneo combines the Deramakot Forest Reserve and the sanctuary on the lower Kinabatangan River. Most of the native mammal species live in Deramakot. On the banks of the Kinabatangan River, you can also see rare species such as wild orangutans, proboscis monkeys and Borneo dwarf elephants.
Visit to the Mengkak longhouse
The Iban are the largest group in Sarawak. In days gone by, they were famous as headhunters and proud warriors. They still inhabit traditional longhouses on the river banks in Sarawak today. A long boat takes you across the Batang Ai reservoir and smaller tributaries to the Mengkak long house. Known as generous and hospitable people, you welcome the residents to their home. You stay overnight as part of the community on the ruai. While exchanging gifts and stories, you will get to know the families who still live in the nave. Together with your hosts and your travel companion, you will explore the original rainforest in the vicinity of the settlement.
The Mulu Caves
The Mulu National Park is the largest national park in Sarawak. It is famous for its extensive cave system. The heart of this three-day tour is a visit to the famous Show Caves. At the beginning, a ride on the traditional longboat will bring you to the park entrance. Walk along plank paths to the huge Deer Cave. Large schools of bats darken the sky when they set out to hunt at dusk. An impressive experience. You will of course also visit the Wind Cave and Clearwater Cave. During your visit you will stay at the new Mulu Marriott Resort and Spa.
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