How safe is Baku to visit Azerbaijan
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Azerbaijan will be currently warned.
Azerbaijan is classified as a risk area.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current and detailed figures.
The land and sea borders with all neighboring countries are closed.
Entry is currently only possible by air. A negative PCR test, which must not be older than 48 hours, must be presented at check-in. Upon entry, there is also an obligation to self-isolate at home for 14 days. The address must be given on a form that is given on the plane and handed in at Baku airport.
Transit and onward travel
Transit and onward travel is currently only possible via Heydar-Aliyev Airport in Baku. A negative PCR test must also be presented when leaving the country.
International train, bus and ferry traffic is suspended, charter flights between Baku and Istanbul and to Ankara and Izmir are being carried out; further charter flights e.g. to Tbilisi, Moscow and Kiev will gradually be resumed. For an onward flight to Germany, however, a new check-in, combined with baggage pick-up and entry into the transit country, is usually required.
Restrictions in the country
The special quarantine regime has been provisionally extended until June 1, 2021. Shops with the exception of shopping centers as well as restaurants and cafes are open. Overland transport is also possible.
Local public transport will be suspended nationwide on weekends, and the Baku metro will also be out of service on weekdays.
There is a general obligation to wear mouth and nose protection in all indoor and outdoor areas. Compliance is strictly controlled.
- Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
- Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Azerbaijani government and the Azerbaijani Migration Service.
- In the event of COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people, contact the competent authority on 103 (in Baku) or 113 (in the other regions).
- When returning to Germany, please note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator if necessary and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information can be found in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
Security - Partial Travel Warning
Before traveling to the Nagorno-Karabakh region (including the parts controlled by Azerbaijan), the other former occupied territories and the entire border area with Armenia are warned.
Nagorno-Karabakh region and border area with Armenia
The armed conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region and the districts of Agdam, Fusuli, Jabrayil, Sangilan, Kubadli, Ladschin and Kalbajar, located in the southwest and west of Azerbaijan and previously occupied by Armenian forces, is due to the ceasefire due to the tripartite declaration between Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia of November 9, 2020 initially ended. The damage to civil infrastructure is considerable. There is a risk of mines and booby traps and sometimes also duds. Driving and entering these areas without permission from the Azerbaijani authorities is therefore prohibited for safety reasons. Violations will be prosecuted. The danger of mines and explosives applies equally to the Azerbaijani-Armenian national border, including the border between the Azerbaijani Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan and Armenia.
The so-called "Republic of Arzakh" (until 2017 "Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh") is not recognized by Germany under international law. In Nagorno-Karabakh and in the surrounding areas of the Republic of Azerbaijan that were formerly occupied by Armenian forces, no consular help or assistance can currently be given.
Entry into the parts of Nagorno-Karabakh that is still not controlled by Azerbaijan (areas north and west of Shusha, Lachin Corridor) without a corresponding Azerbaijani permit has so far been a criminal offense under Azerbaijani law and led to entry refusal for Azerbaijan, see also LegalParticularities. These areas are currently controlled by Russian troops; they also authorize the crossing of the demarcation line to these territories. The Azerbaijani government forbids access to the territories it does not control without its express permission. The Azerbaijani criminal regulations continue to apply unchanged in the event of a violation. The seven districts south and west of Nagorno-Karabakh are again under Azerbaijani sovereignty, but cannot be visited for security reasons. There is neither a secure administration nor regulations for entering these areas. Away from the roads there is an acute danger of mines and explosive remains of ammunition.
Rest of the country
Demonstrations and protests by the opposition take place occasionally and usually result in a large number of security forces. Isolated violent clashes cannot be ruled out, especially in the case of unauthorized protest actions.
- Do not travel to or near the Nagorno-Karabakh region (neither in the part controlled by Azerbaijan nor in the part controlled by Russian troops) and in the formerly Armenian-occupied districts of Agdam, Fusuli, Jabrayil, Sangilan, located in the southwest and west of Nagorno-Karabakh, Kubadli, Latschin and Kalbadschar.
- Refrain from unnecessary stays in the entire border area with Armenia as well as on the (new, controlled by Russian troops) ceasefire line along the Lachin Corridor and in the parts of the Nagorno-Karabakh region not controlled by Azerbaijan as well as the previously occupied districts.
- Find out about the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large crowds in large areas.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
The crime rate is low. Occasional robberies take place after dark in city centers near bars and clubs as well as at the entrances of private apartments.
- Be particularly careful in the dark and do not go for walks alone at night.
- Keep money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe and do not show valuables in public.
- Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations and on public transport and watch out for your valuables.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate
Azerbaijan is in a seismically active zone, so earthquakes can occur.
The climate is very diverse and ranges from eternal ice in the high mountains to temperate to subtropical.
- Always observe prohibitions, signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
- Familiarize yourself with earthquake behaviors. These are provided by the fact sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
There are regular delays in domestic air traffic as well as in train and bus traffic. Ferry connections with Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and the Russian Federation are only irregular. International direct joins are always recommended.
Outside the capital Baku, roads are often in poor condition. In more remote areas, the fuel supply is not always guaranteed. Unpredictable and daring behavior by some road users represents an increased risk of accidents. Particular caution is required after dark.
There are police and army controls throughout the country, which is why you should always have at least a copy of your passport with you. There is an absolute ban on alcohol (0.0 per mil) in road traffic.
- Always have at least one photocopy of your passport with you, as the Azerbaijani police occasionally do ID checks.
- Avoid driving off the main roads in the dark.
- Drive extremely carefully and defensively.
The international driving license is required and is valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.
Azerbaijani law does not prohibit sexual acts between people of the same sex. However, homosexuality is hardly accepted socially and is subject to taboos. Intimate homosexual or heterosexual intercourse in public is easily misunderstood as provocation and can provoke backlash.
Violations of the ban on entry to Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding formerly occupied areas have so far threatened not only a refusal of entry in the future, but also fines and imprisonment, which the Azerbaijani security authorities could possibly enforce through extradition requests to third countries. No information is yet available on the provisions after the ceasefire, so it is assumed that the previous regulations will continue to apply.
Military installations may not be photographed. The use of prostitution services is considered an “administrative offense” in Azerbaijan and can be punished with a warning or a fine.
Money / credit cards
The national currency is the new Azerbaijani manat (AZN). The money supply is easily possible at the ATM in Baku as well as in smaller cities and in the country. It should be noted that many banks can only withdraw small amounts (200 AZN) in one process.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. Legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods can only be obtained directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of the German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- passport: Yes
- Preliminarypassport: Yes
- Identity card: No
- PreliminaryIdentity card: No
- Children's passport: Yes
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for three months after the planned departure or the validity of the visa and should be undamaged. Missing or torn pages in the passport lead to entry refusal.
German citizens need a visa, which must be applied for at the Azerbaijani embassy in Berlin or another Azerbaijani diplomatic mission abroad.
In addition, visas for stays of up to 30 days can be applied for online via the Azerbaijani Visa Portal. The applications are usually decided within a few days. However, there may be significant processing delays before Azerbaijani Holidays. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the online visa application is currently suspended.
German citizens do not need a visa for airport transit at Baku Airport.
Previous stays in Armenia
Travelers whose passports contain Armenian visas must expect longer waiting times and interviews when entering Azerbaijan. Entry refusals can also occur.
Previous stays in the so-called "Republic of Arzakh" (until 2017 "Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh")
If passports contain visas and / or entry stamps from the so-called "Republic of Arzakh" (formerly "Republic of Nagorno Karabakh"), no visa will be issued for entry into Azerbaijan. In principle, this regulation is also applied if the Azerbaijani authorities gain knowledge of trips to the so-called "Republic of Arzakh" as well as to and through the surrounding previously occupied Azerbaijani territories by other means.
Germans and other foreigners must register with the State Migration Service immediately after arrival if they plan to stay longer than 15 days. In the case of hotel accommodation, this obligation is fulfilled by the hotel. Further information can be found on the website of the German embassy in Baku.
For longer stays, a residence permit must be applied for from the Azerbaijani State Migration Service. You can find information about this on the website of the Azerbaijani Migration Service or ask at the Azerbaijani embassy in Berlin.
There are no special regulations regarding the entry of a minor traveling alone or when traveling with only one parent who has custody.
Departure to neighboring countries
A direct border crossing from Azerbaijan to Armenia or vice versa is not possible.
As far as is known, only the Samur border crossing between Azerbaijan and Russia is open to international travel by land.
A border crossing into Iran (via the Astara border crossing) is possible for tourists with valid Azerbaijani and Iranian visas.
Entry from Georgia by land is also possible with an Azerbaijani visa. However, all land borders are currently closed to regular passenger traffic as part of the special quarantine regime.
Entry with your own vehicle
The temporary importation of a vehicle (e.g. on the occasion of a tourist stay) usually leads to the collection of a deposit by customs. The German side does not have any more detailed information on this. Information about the relevant regulations must be obtained from the Azerbaijani embassy in Berlin before entering the country.
Foreigners can bring in unlimited amounts of foreign currency. These have to be declared to customs and their whereabouts have to be proven when leaving the country. Otherwise, no more customs declarations have to be completed when entering and leaving the country.
The import and export of local currency is prohibited.
Some goods can only be exported to a limited extent or subject to the submission of a corresponding permit. This includes:
- Caviar (maximum 125g)
- Alcoholic beverages (maximum 3 l)
- Food up to a maximum of 10 kilos (but no sturgeon)
- Cash (free export of a maximum of US $ 10,000
- Goods / items with a value of max. 1,500 US- $, for each underage child additional goods with a value of 500 US- $
- Antiques, works of art, etc. only with the approval of the Ministry of Culture
- Cigarettes (maximum 600 pieces)
In addition, items that weigh more than 50 kg and have a value of over US $ 1000 must be declared (1.5% customs duty).
Occasionally, goods from Armenia are confiscated by customs.
When importing a pet, a veterinary certificate from the exporting country must be presented, stating that the animal does not suffer from any contagious diseases, has been properly vaccinated and the place of export is disease-free. The certificate should not be older than three days and in Russian or English. Contacting the Azerbaijani embassy in Berlin is recommended.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
The WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health in January 2019.In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
- As travel vaccinations, vaccinations against hepatitis A, in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, typhoid, rabies and, if necessary, TBE are recommended only for summer stays in the Caucasus region.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
The last locally acquired malaria cases were documented in 2012. No malaria prophylaxis is recommended, see Standing Committee on Travel Medicine (StAR) of the DTG.
HIV / AIDS
There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, most diarrheal diseases can be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you're out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease that most commonly affects the lungs. The transmission usually takes place from person to person via droplet infection or close contact. Tuberculosis diseases are much more common in Azerbaijan than in Central Europe.
- Avoid contact with people suffering from tuberculosis or people with a strong cough of unknown cause.
Rabies is a deadly viral disease that is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals or humans. Occasional cases of rabies occur in Azerbaijan, see the rabies leaflet.
- Avoid contact with animals.
- Get advice on rabies vaccination and, if necessary, get vaccinated. The vaccination series should be completed before departure.
- Even if you have been vaccinated, seek medical advice immediately after contact with a potentially infected animal or human (bite, licking of injured skin areas or droplets of saliva on the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes).
Medical care does not meet Western European standards everywhere and is often inadequate outside the city of Baku. Rapid and reliable care for the injured or seriously ill (transport, first aid) is not always guaranteed. Not all doctors and only a few nurses speak Central European foreign languages.
- Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
- Take an individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see the first-aid kit leaflet.
- Before you travel, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical medicine specialists or travel medicine specialists and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.
In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:
- All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
- The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
- All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
- In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always just a consultation offer. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.
Country information for your travel destination
Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.
Further information for your trip
The global threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings remains unchanged.
Since September 2014, the terrorist organizations "Al Qaeda" and "Islamic State" (IS) have been threatening with attacks against various countries and their nationals. There were a number of attacks with firearms, explosives, kidnappings and hostage-taking.
Even if there are currently no specific indications of a threat to German interests abroad, it cannot be ruled out that German nationals or German institutions abroad will also become targets of acts of terrorist violence.
Places with a symbolic character come into question as possible targets. These include well-known sights, government and administrative buildings, transport infrastructure (especially airplanes, trains, ships, buses), economic and tourism centers, hotels, markets, religious meeting places and generally larger gatherings of people.
The level of terrorist threat differs from country to country. There is a particular risk of an attack in countries and regions in which attacks have already been carried out repeatedly or in which they can be carried out relatively easily due to a lack of effective security measures, or in which terrorists have the support of the local population.
More detailed information about the terrorist threat can be found in the country-specific travel and safety information. These are checked regularly and adjusted if necessary.
The risk of falling victim to an attack is still comparatively low compared to other risks that travel abroad entails, such as accidents, illness or ordinary crime. Nevertheless, travelers should be aware of the risk.
The Federal Foreign Office strongly recommends that all travelers behave in a safety-conscious and appropriate manner. Before and during a trip, travelers should carefully inform themselves about the conditions in their country of travel, behave appropriately, follow the local media and report suspicious incidents (e.g. unattended baggage in airports or train stations, suspicious behavior by people) to the local police or security authorities .
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