Which is the original football or soccer
Introduction of football in continental Europe
Switzerland as a pioneer, FC St. Gallen in 1881
In continental Europe, football was able to prevail, especially in Switzerland. In the Lake Geneva region, English people who studied at private schools there introduced football in the 1860s. Probably the oldest Swiss club was the Lausanne Football and Cricket Club, which was founded in 1860. The oldest still existing Swiss club, FC St. Gallen, which was also founded by English students in 1879, then played a central role in administrative issues relating to football.
Soccer was exported from Switzerland to the surrounding countries. Examples: The Stade Helvtique Marseille, founded by the Swiss, became French champions in 1909; the team consisted of 10 Swiss and one Englishman. FC Barcelona, in turn, was founded by Hans Gamper. Since the nationalist-oriented Milan Cricket and Football Club did not accept foreigners, Inter Milan was founded by Swiss and Italians.
In 1895, eleven Swiss clubs formed the Swiss Football Association. This hosted the first Swiss championship in the 1897/1898 season under the sponsor “La Suisse Sportive”, a French sports newspaper.
Denmark also played a pioneering role in continental Europe.
Football is coming to Germany
The soccer game was first introduced in Germany in 1874 by Konrad Koch, a teacher at the Martino-Katharineum grammar school in Braunschweig. The aim was to maintain ethical virtues and to combat the lack of exercise. Quote Koch: "When our German youth, who have been weaned from fresh outdoor play, is the quickest way to regain their lost enthusiasm for playing." In 1875, Koch published the first German set of rules, very similar to today's football: rules of the football club of the middle classes Martino Catharineums. The expressions offside, half-time and corner kick used today can also be traced back to Konrad Koch.
In Germany, football had to struggle for social recognition much longer than in its mother country, because until the 20th century, German physical training and education was synonymous with gymnastics, which had been firmly anchored in schools and the military since the establishment of the Empire in 1871. The father of the German gymnastics movement, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, had created this system in response to French rule in 1810 in order to physically prepare the German youth for the liberation blow. Football, imported from England, was a new form of physical culture in the German Empire. The athletes and sports officials did not pursue any political goals with the practice of their sports, but presented themselves to them as leisure activities. "English sport" (until the early 20th century, often pejorative as "foot lolling" or "English disease") In the early years it was practiced mainly by British entrepreneurs, students, technicians, business people and embassy staff, and in some cases also by locals who had gotten to know the football game in England - for example through their studies abroad. The sport of football was predominantly preferred by the higher earners. Workers barely had the financial means to pay for the high cost of the equipment. In contrast, employees were more open to new ideas, and 30 to 40 percent of them were willing to spend a large part of their income on leisure activities. Imitation of student connection cultures such as club names "Borussia", "Alemannia" and attributes of civil respectability: Orders, medals and titles such as "Meister", which did not exist in the professional life of the employees, were formative for the early football game in Germany.
In 1893 the Workers' Gymnastics Association (ATB) was founded. Three years later, the “Jena Rules” stipulated that the playing fields in Germany had to be free of trees and bushes. With the founding of the German Football Association (DFB) in 1900, football was given a superordinate association. In the same year football became Olympic.
From 1908 the military discovered football as an educational and physical training measure. Military teams consisting of infantry, sailors and others emerged. Ideologically, the sporting competition could also be used in the sense of militarism, in which "battles for supremacy" were waged: attack, defense, flank, cover and parade are words that come directly from the military. The ideal footballer corresponded to the image of the modern soldier, he was conscientious, loyal and independent. The reasons for using football in the military were team spirit, competition, training and modern pedagogy.
Further development and football as a global sport
On May 21, 1904, a world association, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in Paris, which should organize international matches and draw up international football rules. FIFA defined the term “dangerous game”, introduced the direct free kick and removed the requirement that players' pants must cover the knees. Further new rules of the world football association forbade the goalkeeper to leave the goal line with the penalty kick, but he was allowed to move to irritate the shooter. Furthermore, metal inserts were prohibited in the football boots, the ball had to be made of leather and the referees were asked to make a match report. In 1907 the offside was canceled in their own half of the game. Two years later, rules on eviction were made. In 1913, FIFA introduced the so-called due distance (10 yards in about 9.15 meters) between the shooter and opponents on free kicks. In 1920 offside was canceled at the throw-in. Since 1924, the corner ball can be turned directly into a goal.
With the introduction of a professional league in 1924, Austria was the first continental European country with a league for professional football players. Three years later, the Austrian Football Association initiated the Mitropacup, the first major international competition for club teams in Europe. The Mitropacup is considered to be the forerunner of today's European Football Cup.
In 1930, FIFA hosted the first FIFA World Cup in Uruguay (world champions: Uruguay). Thirteen teams took part in the World Cup, but the German team decided not to travel to South America for cost reasons. The European football association UEFA was founded in 1954 in Basel, Switzerland. As early as 1955/56, UEFA hosted the first European Cup for national champions and has hosted the European Cup of Nations since 1960, which was renamed the European Championship eight years later.
The soccer game became more and more popular in the years to come. The mass media and the development of television increased worldwide interest in football. 198 national teams were registered for the 2002 World Cup. With 215 nations, more countries are represented in the world football association FIFA than in the United Nations (191).
In 1992 the European Champion Clubs' Cup was replaced by the UEFA Champions League. On December 15, 1995, a court ruling shook the common replacement practice in football. In response to an action brought by Jean-Marc Bosman, the European Court of Justice decides that footballers are normal employees (“Bosman judgment”). The main effect of this is that football players can only be asked for a release if they have an ongoing contract.
In 2004 the world football association FIFA celebrates its 100th anniversary. In the same year, the World Cup will be held for the last time (winners FC Porto) and replaced by the Club World Cup the following year.
This post is mainly taken from Wikipedia
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