Is there a Hausa tribe in Ghana

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In Nigeria alone, this ethnic group has around 21 million members. Approximately 5,598,000 Hausa live in Niger, which makes up about half of the total population of Niger. Other members of the Hausa can be found in groups of various sizes in many countries in northern, western and central Africa.

Depending on the source, the total number of this ethnic group in all countries is between 24,162,000 and 27,966,000. Due to the waves of immigration to Europe, there are also Hausa population groups in some European countries, especially in France and Germany.

history

The Hausa were probably already named Herodotus Atarants known and formerly distributed over a number of independent empires (Hausa states).

A founding myth of the Hausa says that the founder of the people, Bayajidda, came from the east after running away from his father. Bayajidda came to Gaya, where he hired a blacksmith to make a knife for him. According to the founding myth, Bayajidda used this knife to go to the village of Daura, where he freed the people from the rule of a sacred serpent that kept the people away from the water six days a week. The queen in Daura married the liberator Bayajidda and bore him seven healthy sons. Each of these sons was given part of the land to rule and they founded the seven Hausa states.

Between 500 AD and 700 AD The seven states of the Hausa (Hausa Bakwai, the real Hausa) slowly rose to become a major power in the region. During the time of the rise, there were also clashes between the individual Hausa states in the struggle for supremacy in the region. It was not until the 12th century that the Hausa had become the dominant power in the region. In a series of holy wars, the Hausa states in the north of what is now Nigeria were defeated by the Fulbe in the early 18th century. The Fulbe founded the Sokoto Caliphate (also Sokoto Empire), which in turn was divided into 15 parts (Emirates). Each emirate was ruled by a ruling Fulbe dynasty.

The ruling Hausa in the state of Zaria, Katsina and one more founded new empires in other places. These empires were called Abuja, Maradi and Arguna and subsequently remained untouched by further Fulbe invasions. The Fulbe, especially the ruling class, gradually took over the language and cultural peculiarities of the Hausa, also due to mixed marriages, which were captured to consolidate the rule with the descendants of the former ruling families. It came relatively quickly to a mixture of both peoples, which now also under the name Hausa fall.

The Fulbe in the former areas of the Hausa were deposed by the British by way of colonization and the state structure was integrated into today's Nigeria. In the north of the country the Hausa play the dominant political role.

Since the founding of the Hausa states, the seven Hausa states distributed the tribes the economic tasks according to the location of the state territory and the available resources. Kano and Rano are known as the "Chiefs of Indigo". Cotton was heavily cultivated by the Hausa so that the Hausa produced clothes and traded them with caravans on trade routes in West Africa. Biram was the seat of government and Zaria became known as the "Chief of Slaves" through the organization of labor. Katsina and Daura were the "Chiefs of the Market", because their geographical location on the trade routes from the Sahara optimally linked these cities to cross-regional trade. Gobir in the west of the Hausa area was known as the "Chief of War". Gobir was also instrumental in protecting the empire from invaders from Ghana and the Songhai.
Today the Hausa are known as traders far beyond West Africa. In addition to trading, the Hausa cultivate crops, particularly in the area around Kano.
Among the craftsmanship, the fabric dyeing in Kano and other cities and the weaving, in addition to tannery and pottery, are particularly noteworthy.
The Hausa ethnic group is predominantly committed to Sunni Islam in the entire area of ​​distribution. Few of them still belong to the traditional religions (Maguzawa), some were converted to Christianity by the colonial powers. The Bible was also translated into Hausa for this ethnic group in the twentieth century.

Islam was adopted by the Hausa as early as the early 11th century. According to tradition, this religion was brought to the Hausa by Muhommad Al-Maghili. He was an Islamic clergyman, teacher and missionary, who came from Bornu at the end of the 15th century and influenced the missionary work of the Hausa. The beginning of Islamization took place peacefully, presumably through trade-related cultural exchanges and pilgrims who traveled through the land of the Hausa as travelers. The early Islamization went hand in hand with a mixture of Islam with the traditional religions of the Hausa. Only with the victory of the Fulbe over the Hausa states was Islamization increasingly promoted.

The loosely falling, often artistically embroidered garment of the Hausa, the Baba Riga, which is worn over wide trousers together with a turban wrapped around a fez, has become the national costume of all Muslims in the north. White is the dominant color.
The Hausa language, spoken today by nearly half of Nigeria's population, encompasses a rich vocabulary and can easily assimilate modern technical terms.