Western tourists visit Indonesia
Travel destination Indonesia: facts and figures - an overview
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Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia, the largest island nation in the world with more than 17,000 islands and the fourth most populous country on earth with over 262 million inhabitants. Indonesia is also home to over 200 ethnic groups, all of whom speak their own languages and cultivate their own cultures and traditions.
The Indonesian chain of islands extends over a length of 5,120 kilometers. The largest archipelagos are:
- Greater Sunda Islands (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi)
- Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Alor, Sumba, Timor)
- West Papua and Papua, the western part of New Guinea
17,508 islands make up the state of Indonesia. This makes the country the largest archipelago in the world. 6,044 islands, are inhabited by it. 3 of the 10 largest islands in the world, are (at least partially) in Indonesia. two continents, since the western half of New Guinea (West Papua) belongs to Indonesia, the country is located in both Asia and Oceania.
Land area: 2.02 million square kilometers (north-south 1,870 km, west-east 5,100 km)
Total length of the coast: 81,350 km
The name Indonesia is a word creation from the Greek and is made up of "Indo" (India) and "nesos" (island).
Indonesia has a tropical and humid climate with low temperature fluctuations. The annual average temperature is around 27 ° C. In general, the following applies: In coastal areas it is warmer than in the interior of the island. In the mountains, it often cools down significantly at night. Each island has its own micro-climate and therefore a rainy season of different intensity and duration. In general, the rainy season is between October and April and is characterized by short, warm showers. However, the rainy season has been moving backwards and forwards in recent years.
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Indonesia has 3 time zones:
Central Indonesian Time (WITA): CET +7 hours (Bali, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan)
East Indonesian Time (WIT): CET +8 hours (Moluccas, Papua)
West Indonesian Time (WIB): CET +6 hours (Java, Sumatra, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan)
country and people
To the north of Indonesia are Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Palau, to the east of Papua New Guinea and East Timor, to the south of Australia and to the west and south of the Indian Ocean. The land area is 2.02 million square kilometers (north-south 1,870 km, west-east 5,100 km). The total length of the coast 81,350 km.
The capital is Jakarta (approx. 12 million, Greater Jakarta approx. 23 million inhabitants). With around 262 million inhabitants and a current annual population growth of 1.49 percent (2017 census), Indonesia is the fourth most populous country and the largest Muslim country in the world - 88 percent Muslim, 9 percent Christian (approx. 6 percent Protestant and 3 percent Roman Catholic) 1.8 percent Hindus and one percent Buddhists (mostly members of the Chinese minority).
Java in particular is densely populated (around 123 million inhabitants on 6.6 percent of the total area). Over 30 major ethnic groups, the largest of which are of Malay origin, live on the islands. Many Indonesians are of Chinese descent, many of whom also have Indian, Arabic, and Melanesian roots.
Around 500 independent languages are spoken in Indonesia, with almost 300 in West Papua alone. The national language is Bahasa Indonesia. It is a development from the old trade language, which was mainly shaped by the Moluccas and Malays. There were also Javanese, Dutch and English terms. The state language is as multi-lingual as the country is diverse. Bahasa Indonesia is taught in schools and spoken mainly in metropolitan areas where several ethnic groups live together. Because without Bahasa the understanding would be z. B. a Sundanese from Java with a Balinese or a Bugis from Sulawesi not possible.
Indonesia is a presidential republic. The head of state and head of government is President Joko Widodo (took office on October 20, 2014, elected in June 2014). In 2004 direct presidential elections took place for the first time.
For entry, vacationers need a passport that is valid for at least 6 months after the date of departure, a return or onward flight ticket and a visa that is issued upon arrival at the airport. Entry for visitors with German citizenship is free. The free tourist visa is only valid for 30 days and cannot be extended. However, it is possible to leave Indonesia and receive the visa again for 30 days free of charge when entering the country again (but only at the visa-free ports and airports). For entry at a non-visa-free port or airport, the Visa on Arrival costs 35USD and is also valid for 30 days and can be extended once by 30 days for a further 35 USD.
Numerous airlines depart from Germany with a stopover (e.g. Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, Emirates, Lufthansa, China Airlines) to Indonesia. The main airport is Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. Other airports are Denpasar (Bali), Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Medan and Batam. The national airline is Garuda Indonesia, which has many domestic connections.
Airport taxes apply when leaving on an international flight:
• 50,000 Rp. (From Tanjung Pinang on the island of Bintan) - corresponds to approx. 4 €
• 150,000 Rp. (From Jakarta / Bali / Surabaya) - corresponds to approx. € 12
Airport charges apply to domestic flights, which vary depending on the airport and are between 10,000 and 50,000 Rp.
There are no for entry into Indonesia Vaccinations compulsory. Exception: A yellow fever vaccination if you are entering from a yellow fever area. General practitioners or tropical institutes can provide information. The Foreign Office (http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/Laenderinformationen/Uebersicht_Navi.html) also provides medical information under Travel & Security. Also the German Society for Tropical Medicine (http://dtg.org/).
The currency is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR or Rp. Abbreviated). The exchange rate (February 2018): 1 € = 17,611 Rp .; 10,000 Rp. = € 0.56
Tourism figures 2017
Total number of visitors:
14.03 million (+ 21.88%)
Bali 5.6 million (+ 16.32%)
Java 3.3 million (+ 6.6%)
Batam 1.5 million (+ 3.6%)
1. China 1,972,405 (+ 35.75%)
2. Singapore 1,512,813 (+ 2.72%)
3. Malaysia 1,238,376 (+1.05%)
4. Australia 1,188,449 (-0.8%)
5. Other European countries 655,086 (+ 17.54%)
6. Japan 538,334 (+ 4.88%)
7. India 485,314 (+ 28.80%)
8. South Korea 378,769 (+ 10.14%)
9. France 268,989 (+ 7.2%)
10. Germany 260,586 (+ 12.47%)
11. Netherlands 205,844 (+ 5.31%)
12. Saudi Arabia 166,111 (- 11.01%)
13. Philippines 162,726 (+ 8.85%)
14.Russia 110,529 (+ 37.28%)
15. Thailand 106,510 (+ 7.73%)
Distribution of the 260,586 German tourists to the islands in 2017
Only the (air and sea) ports of entry:
18 tourist attractions has defined the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Industries, which are to be expanded in the next three years with regard to transport connections and tourist infrastructure. Among other things, the great Buddhist temple Borobudur (Central Java), the old town of Jakarta (West Java), Lake Toba (North Sumatra), Flores and Komodo (East Nusa Tenggara), Toraja (South Sulawesi) Tanjung Puting (Orangutan National Park in Kalimantan) as well as diving destinations such as Wakatobi, Derawan or Raja Ampat.
12 percent of all coral reefs of the earth are in Indonesia. This makes the country a paradise for divers and snorkelers.
Cover photo / Over 17,000 islands make up the state of Indonesia. Bali is best known in Germany. / Photo: www.indonesia.travel
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