What causes high blood pressure high blood pressure

There are moments that make us angry and bring us to 180. But when the blood pressure is 180 and stays high, the body gives us a signal that should be taken seriously. Because then it is high blood pressure, also called hypertension.

One speaks of high blood pressure when the blood pressure permanently exceeds values ​​of 140 to 90mmHg. About 32% of adults in Germany are affected. Men a little more often than women. With increasing age, the risk of developing high blood pressure increases.

Most of the time, there is no specific cause for the high blood pressure. However, it can rarely be the result of another disease, for example the kidney.

Age and gender as well as hereditary predispositions play a role in the development of high blood pressure. Obesity, high alcohol consumption, a salty diet and lack of exercise also contribute to this. Stress can also promote high blood pressure.

But what happens with high blood pressure anyway?

The heart needs more strength to pump blood to the body. In the long run, the heart muscle adapts to the increased performance and the heart muscle fibers thicken. However, when the blood pressure is permanently elevated, you often don't feel any symptoms. And that is exactly what makes it dangerous! Because permanently elevated blood pressure increases the risk of a stroke or heart attack. Organs such as the kidney can also be damaged. And one can die prematurely from the consequences of high blood pressure.

Increased blood pressure is often only noticed by chance during a routine blood pressure measurement by the doctor. In order to be able to confirm a suspicion, the blood pressure must be checked repeatedly during several visits to the doctor. In addition, the doctor asks about possible previous illnesses and assesses the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The heart and arteries in the neck are also monitored.

The aim of treatment is to reduce the risk of complications. For this, the blood pressure must be lowered permanently.

So that you are at least not constantly on 180.

Further information on the subject of hypertension can be found on the health portal of the Health Knowledge Foundation.

Knowledge is healthy.