Why do Hungarians call Romanians Olah

Wallachians

Wallachians (other names: Geldings, Laughter, Vlachen, Wlachi, Vlasi, Vlax, Wallachians, Valachos, Vlachos, Olah, Ulah, Blahoi) is a collective term for Romansh-speaking ethnic groups in south-eastern Europe who speak several closely related Balkan Romansh languages.

Mostly the Romans are referred to in the broader sense of the term: Dakorumans (the Romanian-speaking population in Romania, Moldova, northern Bulgaria, Serbia (eastern central Serbia and Vojvodina), Ukraine and Hungary), Aromanians (Macedorumans), Meglenorumans and Istrian romanians.

Disambiguation [edit | Edit source]

See also: Etymology of the terms "Romania" and "Romanian"

The term Wallachians was always a foreign name (exonym): the Wallachians call themselves from the Latin Romanus (German "Römer" or "Roman") derived names, for example as Novel (Pl. Români), Rumân (Pl. Rumâni), Rumâr (Pl. Rumâri), Rămăn (pl. Rămăni) or Armân / Makedonarmãn (Pl. Armânji / Makedonarmãnji). The term Wallachians Originally comes from Germanic and was used through South Slavic and then partly Latin and Greek mediation in various areas to denote mainly Romanized or Romanic ethnic groups. The underlying Germanic word "Walchen" (adjective "welsch"), old high German walha (Adjective walhisk), is most likely borrowed from the Celtic ethnonym (folk name) of the people (changed by the first phonetic shift). When the Celtic neighbors of the Germanic tribes were Romanized, the Germanic peoples continued to use the term “welsch” for their neighbors, which gave it the meaning “Romanesque”. Further examples of the use of the Germanic word in different parts of Europe are Wales on the island of Great Britain and Wallonia, in both cases as a designation for Celtic settlement areas. The name of the canton of Valais in Switzerland, however, probably derives from the Latin vallis from,[1] the landscape of Galicia in East Central Europe from the Prince's seat Halitsch and the autonomous region of Galicia in Spain from the name of the ancient Galläker.

Other Romance peoples also have exonyms that emerged from the term "Welsche". Italians, for example, are in Hungarian olasz called, while the older Hungarian term for Romanians oláh is. Germans in South Tyrol used to call their Italian fellow citizens "Walsche". In Polish the name is Wlosi for Italians and Włochy common for Italy, while the old name for Romanians Wołoch is. In the West Slovenian dialects the Friulians are called Lah designated. In Transylvania, the Transylvanian Saxons called the Romanian population "Blochen" or "Blechen".

History [edit | Edit source]

The inhabitants of Wallachia were called "Wallachians" by the foreigners. The Principality of Moldova was sometimes called "Moldo-Valahia" by foreigners. The Polish and Russian chronicles from the 12th century, including the Nestor Chronicle, refer to the Romanians east of the Carpathian Mountains as "Bolohowenen". The Romanian principality, which emerged south of the Carpathian Mountains in the 13th century, was called "Wallachia" by foreigners, but this state called itself "Ţara Românească" or "Ţeara Rumânească", so "Romanian Country". Since the middle of the 19th century, the Romanians were given the exonym "Wallachians" less and less. Today only small groups of Romanians from Eastern Serbia and Northern Bulgaria have this foreign name, but they call themselves in their Romanian mother tongue "români" or "rumâni" (= "Romanians").

Wallachian settlements existed in the northern Carpathians (Carpathian Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, Czech Republic / Moravian Wallachia) and in the western Balkan peninsula (Morlaken in Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro, southern Serbia). They are novels that were Slavicized during the Middle Ages, but retained their customs and occupation as shepherds (including transhumance, a form of sheep-raising widespread among the Wallachians). The Wallachians in the northern Carpathians were Romanians who had immigrated from the Maramures, while the Morlaken (Mauro Wallachians) in the western Balkans were in question.[2]

Some Roma groups who lived as serfs in Wallachia during the Middle Ages and still live in Romania and the neighboring countries are sometimes referred to as Wallachians, but the correct name is "Vlax Roma".