Are grapes sour fruits
Table grapes: Delicious fruit to snack on and refine
Grapevines are among the oldest cultivated plants in the world. The vast majority of the fruits of up to 10,000 grape varieties belong to the so-called wine grapes and are processed into alcoholic wines. Colloquially, Weintraube mostly stands for table grapes, which are a popular fruit on the market. Table grapes have larger berries and thinner skins than wine grapes.
VIDEO: Table grapes: how is the quality? (7 min)
Grapesit core or without?
The grape varieties initially differ in color: table grapes can be dark blue, reddish, yellowish or light green. The flesh of the dark varieties tastes sweeter and more aromatic, while the light ones contain more acid and have a more pronounced nutmeg note. The color is almost always only in the skin, the inside of the fruit is usually light. Scientists assume that originally there were only dark varieties and that the light ones go back to an early genetic mutation.
Kernels contain valuable ingredients
All grape varieties naturally have seeds. Through breeding it was possible to obtain seedless fruits. Many consumers prefer light-colored grape varieties without seeds. For example, the varieties Regal Seedless, Thompson Seedless and Seedless Sugaro are widespread. Nutrition experts recommend varieties with seeds like Regina or Italia because they contain valuable ingredients. When eating, you should chew the kernels so that the body can utilize these substances and the kernels do not excrete undigested.
Less growth without kernels
In addition to the reproduction of the plant, the kernels have another important function: They release hormones that stimulate growth. Therefore, seedless grapes are either smaller or they are helped. The missing hormones, called gibberellins, are then sprayed onto the grapes.
Where do the grapes come from?
Table grapes are in season in Europe in the late summer and early autumn months. They grow in the Mediterranean area, often in Italy and Greece. The harvest begins at the end of July and lasts until November. In supermarkets, however, table grapes are available all year round: the season in the southern hemisphere begins in October and the grapes come from Brazil, Namibia, South Africa or Chile, for example. The longer transport route influences the ecological footprint of the grapes. However, they are mostly transported by ship, so that the impact on the climate is less than that of so-called flying fruit.
Table grapes: Organic or conventional?
The cultivation of grapes plays a bigger role: organic or conventional? As a grape umbel, the fruits offer a large attack surface for pests. Fungi in particular can spread well when the weather is damp, the moisture is retained between the individual grapes and cannot dry off. That is why many pesticides are often used in the conventional cultivation of grapes. These can be detected on and in the finished berry. So that there are no health risks for consumers, there is a maximum content for every plant protection product that can be left on and in the grapes. How high this salary is is checked regularly and the figures are published annually by the Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety. The Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES) took 115 samples last year. Residues of pesticides could be detected in 106. However, none of the samples was above the legal maximum value.
Tips for buying grapes - scented film is a sign of freshness
When buying, you should pay attention to freshness: The grapes should appear crisp and firm and not be too soft. The style approaches and the stalk should also be green and fresh. If the berries are stored for a long time, the stems can turn brown and woody, and putrefaction can quickly develop at the base of the berries. A white veil on many grapes is called a scent film, is a sign of freshness and protects the fruit from drying out. Since grapes do not ripen, only buy tasty fruits. They stay fresh in the refrigerator for about a week. Before eating, the grapes should be washed thoroughly.
Enjoy fresh or cooked
Fresh grapes taste best raw as a snack, in fruit salads or muesli. They are also popular as a snack in combination with hearty dishes such as cheese or as a decoration on cold plates. When cooked, grapes give stewed poultry, sauerkraut or vegetables a sweet note.
Raisins and co.
Dried grapes are sold as raisins, sultanas or currants. Raisins is the generic term for the sweet, dried fruits. Sultanas come from the seedless grape variety Sultana and taste particularly sweet. The dark currants are obtained from the Korinthiaki grape variety.
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This topic in the program:
Market | 09/21/2020 | 8:15 pm
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