Which word describes your day today

sofatutor magazine parents

What parts of a sentence are there in a sentence? And how do you recognize them? Here you will learn clearly how your child determines the parts of the sentence.

What is the difference between clauses and parts of speech?

Sentences and parts of speech are often confused because the terms are sometimes similar, e.g. B. Adverb (part of speech) and adverbials (part of sentence).
Parts of speech are the elements of language: they are used to categorize every single word. Here you can read which parts of speech there are and how your child can determine them. sentence parts on the other hand, the elements of a sentence are: A sentence consists of several parts of the sentence. Sentences consist of different words (or parts of speech) or groups of words. These take on a specific task in one sentence.

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This is how your child determines the parts of the sentence

In order to identify the different parts of the sentence, your child needs to ask the right questions.

Determine the subject

The subject in a sentence indicates who or what is doing something. It can consist of one word or several words. In order to determine the subject of a sentence, one asks the question “Who or what?”.

They laugh out loud.Who or what is laughing out loud?you
On Sunday Klaus and Ben played soccer.Who or what played football on Sunday?Klaus and Ben
The little students can read about volcanoes in a book.Who or what can read in the book about volcanoes?the little students
I was happy that you were there yesterday.Who or what made me happy?That you were there yesterday
Yesterday there was a stupid film on TV.Who or what was on TV yesterday?a stupid movie

Determine the predicate

The predicate indicates what the subject does / did. It can consist of one or more parts. After the predicate one asks with the question: “What is the subject doing?” Or “What happens / happens?”.

They laugh out loud.What do you do?laugh
When Ben and Klaus go out, they dance a lot.What are Klaus and Ben doing?go out; to dance
The pupils can read about volcanoes in the book.What do the students do?can read [...]
I got the books from the basement.What did i dogot [...]
It's raining cats and dogsWhat is it doingraining

Identify objects

The object is the part of a sentence to which the subject refers. It complements the predicate. A distinction is made between that Genitive object, the Dative object, the Accusative object and the Prepositional object. In order to determine the object and the special shape of the object, there are various questions. A set can contain several or different objects.

Tip: Take a look together with your child the appropriate explanatory video on sofatutor! Everything about the property is clearly explained here. With the help of interactive exercise your child can then check their knowledge.

The genitive object

The genitive object answers the question "Whose?"

sentencequestionGenitive object
Klaus accuses Ben of breaking the guitar.What is Ben Klaus accusing?Broken the guitar
I remember the good years.What do I remember?the beautiful years

The accusative object

In order to recognize the accusative object, one asks "Who or what?".

sentencequestionAccusative object
Lilly gives Marion a painted cup.Who or what is Lilly Marion giving as a gift?a painted cup
Klaus and Ben watch a creepy movie in the cinema.Who or what are Klaus and Ben looking at in the cinema?a scary movie

The dative object

After the dative object one asks with “Who?”.

sentencequestionDative object
Lilly gives Marion a painted cup.Who does Lilly give a cup to?Marion
I help my little friends.Who am I helping?my little friends

The prepositional object

A prepositional object can be recognized if one asks for "To whom / what", "What for?", "What on?", "For what?", "What about?", "What before?" Etc.

sentencequestionPrepositional object
Lilly loves to play her violinWhat does Lilly like to play on?on her violin
I'm waiting for my friend.Who am i waiting foron my friend
Ben is afraid of monsters in the dark.What is Ben afraid of?from monsters

Recognize the adverbial determinations (adverbials)

The adverbial terms in the sentence indicate where, when, why and under what conditions something is / was done or something happens. A distinction is made between the Causal adverbial, the Local adverbial, Modal adverbial and the Temporal adverbial. In order to determine the adverbial and the special form of the adverbial, there are different questions. A sentence can contain several or different adverbials.

The causal adverbial or the adverbial determination of the reason

After the causal adverbial, also called adverbial determination of the reason, one asks with the question “Why?” “What for?”, “With what?”.

sentencequestionCausal adverbial
Ben is not in a good mood because of the bad weather.Why isn't Ben in a good mood?because of the bad weather
Because I'm doing maths work tomorrow, I'm not going to the cinema today.Why don't I go to the cinema today?Because I'm doing maths work tomorrow

The local adverbial or the adverbial definition of the place

The local adverbial, also known as the adverbial definition of place, answers the questions "Where?", "Where to?" And "Where from?"

sentencequestionLocal adverbial
Lilly and Klaus went to the sea.Where did Lilly and Klaus go?to the sea
I'm in the cinema today.Where am i todayin the cinema

The modal adverbial, or the adverbial determination of manner

The modal adverbial, also known as the adverbial definition of the manner, specifies how something is done. It answers the question “How?”.

sentencequestionModal adverbial
Lilly and Klaus run screaming into the sea.How do Lilly and Klaus run into the sea?screaming
She came home with her head bowed.How did she get home?with bowed head

The temporal adverbial or the adverbial determination of time

The temporal adverbial indicates the time in the sentence. One asks "When?" To determine it.

sentencequestionTemporal adverbial
I'm in the cinema today.When will I be in the cinema?today
On Sunday Klaus and Ben played soccer.When did Klaus and Ben play soccer?On Sunday

Determine the attributes

Strictly speaking, attributes are not parts of a sentence, but only part of a part of a sentence. An attribute defines or describes a word in more detail.

sentencequestionTemporal adverbial
My parents' house is very beautiful.What kind of house is very beautiful?My parents' house
I help my little friends.What kind of friends do I help?my little friends

Do not mark any parts of the sentence

Some teachers require that the words that are not subordinate to any part of the sentence are also marked. These are all conjunctions (e.g. because, or, and) and interjections (e.g. aha, nanu).

The parts of the sentence and questions at a glance

Sentences-and-questions-overview.pdf (file size: 1MB)

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Cover picture: © Jaromir Chalabala / shutterstock.com

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