Which word describes your day today
sofatutor magazine parents
What parts of a sentence are there in a sentence? And how do you recognize them? Here you will learn clearly how your child determines the parts of the sentence.
What is the difference between clauses and parts of speech?
Sentences and parts of speech are often confused because the terms are sometimes similar, e.g. B. Adverb (part of speech) and adverbials (part of sentence).
Parts of speech are the elements of language: they are used to categorize every single word. Here you can read which parts of speech there are and how your child can determine them. sentence parts on the other hand, the elements of a sentence are: A sentence consists of several parts of the sentence. Sentences consist of different words (or parts of speech) or groups of words. These take on a specific task in one sentence.
This is how your child determines the parts of the sentence
In order to identify the different parts of the sentence, your child needs to ask the right questions.
Determine the subject
The subject in a sentence indicates who or what is doing something. It can consist of one word or several words. In order to determine the subject of a sentence, one asks the question “Who or what?”.
|They laugh out loud.||Who or what is laughing out loud?||you|
|On Sunday Klaus and Ben played soccer.||Who or what played football on Sunday?||Klaus and Ben|
|The little students can read about volcanoes in a book.||Who or what can read in the book about volcanoes?||the little students|
|I was happy that you were there yesterday.||Who or what made me happy?||That you were there yesterday|
|Yesterday there was a stupid film on TV.||Who or what was on TV yesterday?||a stupid movie|
Determine the predicate
The predicate indicates what the subject does / did. It can consist of one or more parts. After the predicate one asks with the question: “What is the subject doing?” Or “What happens / happens?”.
|They laugh out loud.||What do you do?||laugh|
|When Ben and Klaus go out, they dance a lot.||What are Klaus and Ben doing?||go out; to dance|
|The pupils can read about volcanoes in the book.||What do the students do?||can read [...]|
|I got the books from the basement.||What did i do||got [...]|
|It's raining cats and dogs||What is it doing||raining|
The object is the part of a sentence to which the subject refers. It complements the predicate. A distinction is made between that Genitive object, the Dative object, the Accusative object and the Prepositional object. In order to determine the object and the special shape of the object, there are various questions. A set can contain several or different objects.
Tip: Take a look together with your child the appropriate explanatory video on sofatutor! Everything about the property is clearly explained here. With the help of interactive exercise your child can then check their knowledge.
The genitive object
The genitive object answers the question "Whose?"
|Klaus accuses Ben of breaking the guitar.||What is Ben Klaus accusing?||Broken the guitar|
|I remember the good years.||What do I remember?||the beautiful years|
The accusative object
In order to recognize the accusative object, one asks "Who or what?".
|Lilly gives Marion a painted cup.||Who or what is Lilly Marion giving as a gift?||a painted cup|
|Klaus and Ben watch a creepy movie in the cinema.||Who or what are Klaus and Ben looking at in the cinema?||a scary movie|
The dative object
After the dative object one asks with “Who?”.
|Lilly gives Marion a painted cup.||Who does Lilly give a cup to?||Marion|
|I help my little friends.||Who am I helping?||my little friends|
The prepositional object
A prepositional object can be recognized if one asks for "To whom / what", "What for?", "What on?", "For what?", "What about?", "What before?" Etc.
|Lilly loves to play her violin||What does Lilly like to play on?||on her violin|
|I'm waiting for my friend.||Who am i waiting for||on my friend|
|Ben is afraid of monsters in the dark.||What is Ben afraid of?||from monsters|
Recognize the adverbial determinations (adverbials)
The adverbial terms in the sentence indicate where, when, why and under what conditions something is / was done or something happens. A distinction is made between the Causal adverbial, the Local adverbial, Modal adverbial and the Temporal adverbial. In order to determine the adverbial and the special form of the adverbial, there are different questions. A sentence can contain several or different adverbials.
The causal adverbial or the adverbial determination of the reason
After the causal adverbial, also called adverbial determination of the reason, one asks with the question “Why?” “What for?”, “With what?”.
|Ben is not in a good mood because of the bad weather.||Why isn't Ben in a good mood?||because of the bad weather|
|Because I'm doing maths work tomorrow, I'm not going to the cinema today.||Why don't I go to the cinema today?||Because I'm doing maths work tomorrow|
The local adverbial or the adverbial definition of the place
The local adverbial, also known as the adverbial definition of place, answers the questions "Where?", "Where to?" And "Where from?"
|Lilly and Klaus went to the sea.||Where did Lilly and Klaus go?||to the sea|
|I'm in the cinema today.||Where am i today||in the cinema|
The modal adverbial, or the adverbial determination of manner
The modal adverbial, also known as the adverbial definition of the manner, specifies how something is done. It answers the question “How?”.
|Lilly and Klaus run screaming into the sea.||How do Lilly and Klaus run into the sea?||screaming|
|She came home with her head bowed.||How did she get home?||with bowed head|
The temporal adverbial or the adverbial determination of time
The temporal adverbial indicates the time in the sentence. One asks "When?" To determine it.
|I'm in the cinema today.||When will I be in the cinema?||today|
|On Sunday Klaus and Ben played soccer.||When did Klaus and Ben play soccer?||On Sunday|
Determine the attributes
Strictly speaking, attributes are not parts of a sentence, but only part of a part of a sentence. An attribute defines or describes a word in more detail.
|My parents' house is very beautiful.||What kind of house is very beautiful?||My parents' house|
|I help my little friends.||What kind of friends do I help?||my little friends|
Do not mark any parts of the sentence
Some teachers require that the words that are not subordinate to any part of the sentence are also marked. These are all conjunctions (e.g. because, or, and) and interjections (e.g. aha, nanu).
The parts of the sentence and questions at a glance
Sentences-and-questions-overview.pdf (file size: 1MB)
Enter your email address to start the download. Then click on “Download Now”.
Thanks! The download started automatically.
There are more explanatory tips here:
Cover picture: © Jaromir Chalabala / shutterstock.com
What to do now ...
- Motivation in learning is the key to your child's learning success. Get the Motivation tips from teacher Giulianoin this video.
- Go on Journey of discovery and test what sofatutor has to offer for you and your child for 30 days free of charge.
- Contact us today on and convince you oneself.
More related articles
sofatutor: Prizes and awards for Germany's most extensive learning platform
Those who learn while having fun learn successfully. According to this motto, the online learning platform sofatutor has been supporting schoolchildren in their learning goals since 2009 and has already received a number of prizes for this. Every child is different - and every child learns differently. While some acquire new school material primarily with the help of vivid stories, other pupils achieve [...]
sofatutor costs: With this money you invest in better grades
With the online learning platform sofatutor, your child learns with motivation and success - and you save money and time and spare your nerves. Tuition is expensive. According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, parents in Germany statistically spend around 87 euros every month on tutoring. Most often, students need [...]
This is how crisis-proof tuition at the Studienkreis works
With 125,000 pupils supported annually, the study group is one of the largest tutoring providers in Europe. For us, too, the corona crisis is a huge challenge that has set a lot in motion in a short time. Read how the study group helps its students to keep up with the school and how it works for families [...]
sofatutor experiences: That's why the learning platform is worthwhile
With the online learning platform sofatutor, schoolchildren from grade one to high school can repeat or deepen school material independently and at their own pace. 82 percent of the students have had positive experiences with sofatutor and have improved their grades. What does sofatutor offer? All content at a glance The online learning platform offers content for all school subjects [...]
Canceling sofatutor: 10 reasons why you should keep your subscription
Your child has already learned with sofatutor's videos and interactive exercises. Are you still thinking about canceling your sofatutor subscription? With these ten tips, you not only save valuable time and money, but also verifiably support your child in learning successfully. What is sofatutor? With the award-winning, digital learning platform sofatutor, schoolchildren of all [...]
12 relaxation exercises for children - from A for breathing technique to Y for yoga video
The schools are closed and your child has to struggle through the subject matter alone. That creates stress! With our exercises and the four free instruction videos, your child will find peace before, during or after learning. What do you want to know? Why is relaxation important for children? How do I know if my child needs relaxation? What […]
Homeschooling and Corona: This is how learning works at home
School dropout or quarantine: If children cannot go to school, lessons must be continued at home. Read here how successful homeschooling works in times of Corona and how you can motivate your child to learn. What does homeschooling mean - and why we currently have no homeschooling at all Since the first lockdown in March, everyone has known [...]
Corporate benefit: More time for the beautiful things of everyday life - thanks to sofatutor
Independent learning at home has never been so important. So that working parents can easily combine homeschooling and home office, many employers decide to make sofatutor available to their employees. How is sofatutor suitable for learning at home? This is what parents say about learning with sofatutor Good reasons: Why parents love sofatutor sofatutor [...]
Montessori schools - "Aren't they just dreaming?"
Individual learning at your own pace - this is what more and more parents want for their children. That is why Montessori schools are all the rage. Here you can find out everything you need to know about the alternative form of school. What would you like to know about Montessori pedagogy? Montessori pedagogy: the most important points in brief How did Montessori pedagogy come about? On which philosophy is the [...]
- What is the availability in web hosting
- What are the parts of a bicycle
- Why is the outer core of the earth fluid?
- Is Hillary Clinton sexist
- Are people happier with children
- How can I be good at badminton?
- Has Singapore casinos
- Why doesn't money make me happy?
- Why isn't Quora leaving my credentials alone?
- How can I conduct corporate trainings
- Should we have killed Baby Hitler
- What is Apple's USP
- What is the importance of drop shipping
- Are information systems important in business life
- Will Puigdemont rule the independent Catalonia of Brussels?
- What is another word forever on time
- Which is more simply microbiology or biotechnology
- Rent your furniture Why
- Why did Quora start running ads
- What percentage of people die each day
- Develop websites
- What do white South Africans eat
- What's another word for me
- Why do the British call flashlights torches