How does the government make money

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Switzerland is planning again next year with more income than expenditure. Where there is a lot of money, there is little to argue about. But still enough.

This content was published on December 03, 2019 - 2:00 p.m.

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Balz Rigendinger, Kai Reusser (graphic)

In the first week of the current winter session, parliament is discussing this budget for next year. With expenditures of a good 75.2 billion francs, it provides for a surplus of 435 million francs.

Where does the money come from?

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Next year, two thirds of the Swiss budget will come from income from the value added tax and the direct federal tax covered. In the case of direct federal tax, more than half of the 24 billion comes from Companies and only 45 percent of natural persons, especially high earners.

Further income comes from taxes Fuels (4.5 billion francs), tobacco (CHF 2 billion) and Financial transactions, the so-called stamp duties (2.2 billion francs).

The remaining fiscal revenues (7 billion) are suspended Transport taxes and Incentive taxes like the CO2 tax together.

Under non-fiscal revenue, the federal government is budgeting, for example, the distribution of profits Swiss National Bank, but also income from compulsory military service levy or fees.

Where is the money going?

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The social welfare eats up a third of all expenses, half of which is spent on old-age insurance.

Noticeable: Switzerland gives the second most - over 11 billion francs - for Finance and taxes out. This 15 percent of the expenditure includes reimbursements to the cantons and interest costs.

Of the Traffic expenses Two thirds (CHF 10.4 billion) flow into public transport and one third into road traffic.

Under security(6.4 billion) figure is expenditure on the army, police, border controls and intelligence services.

5 percent of the federal budget is for the Agriculture reserved. Most of this goes as direct payments to the farmers.

Both Foreign relationsThree quarters of the money (CHF 3.7 billion) goes to development aid, the rest to diplomacy and consular services.

Where are there still arguments?

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The biggest difference concerns them Education spending. The Council of States commission wants to increase this by around 100 million francs, the National Council commission rejects this.

The commissions of the National Council and Council of States also disagree on the Asylum expenses. The National Council Commission is calling for a cut in operating expenses for the federal asylum centers by CHF 27 million and social assistance payments for asylum seekers, temporarily admitted persons and refugees by CHF 13 million. She justifies this with the low number of asylum applications.

They will also give something to talk about Funds for development aid. There are both requests for an increase in loans and requests for cuts.

Like every year will be Cuts in federal staff are up for debate.

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