What do coyotes eat

Coyote animal. Coyote lifestyle and habitat

Animal north american coyote - As one of the most adaptable animals in the world, this animal can change modes of reproduction, habits, diet and social dynamics to survive in a wide variety of habitats.

Included in the type of chord data, the class of mammals, the family of canids, relatives of wolves, dogs, foxes, and jackals, there are 19 subspecies of coyotes. coyote Like the average dog, it resembles a miniature shepherd dog in size, although smaller than its wolf counterparts. The body length from the head to the sacrum is 80-95 centimeters. The tail adds another 41 centimeters in length, the weight is usually around 9 to 23 kilograms.

Coyote characteristics and habitat

The scientific name Canis latrans means dog barking. They have narrow, elongated snouts with yellow or amber eyes, erect ears, thin bodies covered with thick fur and long, fluffy tails.

The animals have gray, red, white or brown fur. Their coat color depends on where they live. Coyote animal lives in North America and roams the plains and mountains, rarely lives in forests.

Favorite places to live - deserts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Central America. As humans expand the boundaries of rural areas, coyotes must adapt to urban life in order to find food.

No longer surprised by the appearance of a coyote on the street today, residents of New York, Florida, and Los Angeles are no longer surprised. Coyotes are very fast creatures. Most coyotes, however, have never seen humans. They can develop around 64 kilometers per hour, magnificent swimmers and jumpers.

Coyote character and lifestyle

Wild coyote extremely careful animal. They have a keen sense of smell and well-developed vision and hearing. Coyotes are solitary animals and mark their territory with urine. In winter, coyotes tend to get more social.

In the cold winter months they together form hunting groups for easy foraging. These hunters lead a nocturnal lifestyle, meaning they usually sleep during the day and hunt at night.

How to report your location Coyotes howl. They also use different tones for communication, when a dog barks, it is a sign of fear and threat, they greet each other with whine, howl can mean big prey or a message about the whereabouts.

Listen to the coyote's howl

Listen to the coyotes bark

Coyote children squeak at games and often howl in summer to practice their communication skills. They live in burrows that are up to five meters long, about 60 centimeters wide and end with an enlarged nesting chamber. In spring, female coyotes dig their own hole under the trees in the woods, and can occupy someone else's den or sturgeon.

Coyote food

Coyotes are picky about food. It is believed that they are meat eaters, in fact omnivores, and also consume vegetation. They like to hunt small game such as rodents, rabbits, fish, frogs, can eat carrion or feed on other predators.

Snacks, insects, fruits and herbs. When a herd of coyotes has accumulated, a large hunt, for example for deer, can be carried out. They often pursue their prey with their excellent sense of smell and their stamina is also used to hunt prey over long distances and a blow is delivered when the victim is exhausted.

In the dry season, they can try to dig up a water tank or find cattle drinkers. The vegetation that animals eat contains some moisture.

Urban coyotes use pools, dog bowls for water, ponds, and water barriers on golf courses and other aquatic human sources of moisture.

Among people sly coyote is considered a pest that can kill farm animals and pets. In cities, a coyote hunts pets - cats, small dogs, and picks up garbage in bins. Coyotes can easily jump over a fence or ten foot wall.

Reproduction and lifespan of the coyotes

Can see a few Coyotes in the photoMen are more massive than women. In some cases, coyotes form long-term alliances by growing more than one offspring together and sometimes staying together until they are alive. The mating season lasts from February to March.

At the beginning of the mating season, several single men will gather around the woman to care for her, but she will have a relationship with only one of them. The couple will spend some time together before mating.

Pregnancy is usually from April to May, when there is plenty to eat. Gestation lasts 63 days and the brood consists of three to twelve individuals. How big the brood will be depends on where it lives coyote.

There will be smaller broods in areas where coyotes are abundant. In areas with fewer coyotes, the brood size is larger. Both partners take care of young animals.

The mother feeds the cubs milk for five to seven weeks, after three weeks they begin to eat semi-liquid food, which the male brings with him and spits out. A caring father brings food to the female all the time and helps her protect herself from predators.

The female stays with one brood until the eyes open, approximately 11-12 days. By six months, young coyotes are mature and have permanent teeth. From this point onwards, the woman trains her offspring to look for food.

The family gradually runs away and in autumn the puppies usually go hunting alone. Within a year they go their own way, mark their territory with urine. The animals are ready to mate after 22 months. Coyote animal Can also mate with dogs.

Your descendants are called koidogami. Their numbers are small because the males do not help the females care for the offspring, and mating occurs in winter, resulting in poor survival.

In the photo Kaydog

Coyotes live in constant stress from predators, food struggles, diseases and parasites. Often times they die from humans, pumas, bears, eagles, dogs chasing after them, and adult coyotes often kill unfamiliar juveniles. Coyotes in captivity live up to 18 years. In the wild, most juvenile coyotes die in the first year for about four years.

Watch the Video: The Howl of Coyotes. The Howl of the Prairie Wolf (May 2021).