Who crowned Napoleon the Emperor of France
Napoleon's coronation as emperor
On December 2, 1804, Napoleon was crowned Emperor of France.
He was the first of the three consuls to secure his rule. His military successes as a general also helped him. In a referendum, a large majority supported Napoleon, as it did in the vote on the consulate constitution. This can be explained by the fact that the people longed for order and peace after all the turmoil of the revolution.
In addition, a hereditary empire also seemed to the senators to be a suitable means of preventing attempts by supporters of the Bourbons (who had provided the French kings for decades) to overthrow.
The new constitution
As early as the spring of 1804, the Senate had approved a new constitution that made Napoleon emperor and made the imperial dignity hereditary for his family. His brothers became princes, and Napoleon placed other confidants in important posts. Six ore offices were newly created as the highest offices at the court, named after the example of the Holy Roman Empire. The revolution calendar, however, was abolished.
In the presence of Pope Pius VII, Napoleon crowned himself emperor. He then crowned his wife Josephine as empress. The pompous ceremony took place in the Notre Dame church in Paris and lasted several hours. The people cheered and bells rang all over Paris.
As once the French king, Napoleon now lived in the Tuileries Palace and had a court. Many court offices were given to old noble families. In the following years Napoleon drew more and more power to himself by z. B. Abolished the Tribunate (the legislative assembly since 1799). Political opponents were again suppressed as before. The censorship of the press increased, as did the personality cult around Napoleon. Napoleon ruled like a dictator.
Foreign policy of the emperor
Napoleon continued the campaigns of conquest as emperor. In the next coalition wars, France achieved brilliant victories on land. The naval power of England, however, was not defeated. In the Battle of Trafalgar, Napoleon suffered a heavy defeat against the English fleet under Lord Nelson. Nevertheless, the French gradually occupied large parts of Europe, including Portugal, parts of Italy and northern Germany. With the Confederation of the Rhine, Napoleon secured the approval of some German princes. Other states such as Spain were not occupied but were dependent on France, the so-called satellite states.
- Which is safer Apple Pay or PayPal
- Are there speeds in the black hole
- Data science is worth it
- What question should we ask in life?
- How important is punctuation in the Korean language
- How do you design an ad server
- What are some examples of modern socialism
- What is stopping you from cleaning your house
- Smart people are more afraid
- What is international trade the result
- How do I make a video ad
- Why do people constantly degrade others online
- School prepares you for life
- Has anyone ever stolen a rental car?
- What are the disgusting foods of China
- How does the current increase when the resistance increases
- Affiliate Marketing is going to die
- Why does the NRA refuse to register weapons
- Helps pumpkin seeds with hair growth
- What are the limits of quantum entanglement
- Why do dogs have to die
- What pennies from the 1960s are valuable
- Where could you sell a penny from 1925?
- Which causes gold to stop responding