What are the dimensions of a lot

Preparation: measures and weights

This page deals with the problem of the various units of measurement and weights. The topic of the quantity information in recipes and the need for a changed number of guests can be found on the page quantity information.

mass and weight are indicated in different ways in recipes. There are volume specifications that are either in real units such as liters [l] or cubic centimeters [cm3] or in kitchen-typical auxiliary dimensions such as Cup [Ta.]. Other ingredients are given by weight such as grams [g] or kilograms [kg]. Volume and weight, actually the "weighing value", i.e. the physical mass, can be measured: with a measuring cup or kitchen scale. Depending on the ingredient, volume information can be converted into weight or weight information can be converted into volume.

It becomes more difficult with customary kitchen terms such as prize [PrPrise (amount that can be grasped between two fingers.).], Knife point [Msp.], drops [Tr.], Splash [Spr.], bag, Federation [BdBund.]. Here an attempt is made to describe it.

Such conversions become interesting when unusual quantities are to be prepared. When preparing the marinade for pan roast on the occasion of a large party with 60 people, the question arises of how many knife points of an ingredient really are. See also: Quantities.

On the subject of mass-weight see web links below. Because it is common in kitchens, the term "weight" is used here, even if that is actually wrong.

Table of dimensions [edit]

Volume specifications
Abbr. description engl. Abbr. engl. description quantity Explanation
cm3Cubic centimetercccubic (centimeter)Standard unit for volumealso obsolete: ccm, cm3, cm ^ 3
lliterlliter1000 cm3Volume measure for liquids
dldeciliterdldecilitre100 cm3
cc centiliter (10 ml)Centiliterscc centiliter (10 ml)centilitre10 centimeters3often in cocktail recipes
ml millilitersMillilitersml millilitersmilliliter1 cm3
fl, fl.oz., oz.fl.fluid ounceUK Imperial: 28.4 cm3
US wet: 29.6 cm3
TaCupccup75 cm3
125 cm3
250 cm3
US wet: 237 cm3
Mocha / espresso cup
small tea cup
big cup
8 US fluid ounces
Weight information
Abbr. description Abbr. description quantity Explanation
GGramGgriefBase unit of massThe specifications are masses, but one speaks of weight and also measures the weight
dgdecigramdgdecigram0.1 g
cgCentigramcg / cgmcentigram0.01 g
mgmilligrammgmilligram0.001 grather uncommon for cooking
dagDecagram10 gCommonly used in Austria, usually short Deka called.
kgkilogramkgkilogram1000 g
lblbpound500 g
Kitchen terms
Abbr. description Abbrev. Engl. description quantity Explanation
BdBundFederationbubunchz. B. 1 BdBund. Parsley, standard unit ...
Trdropsdrdrop1/30 cm330 drops of water make one cm3, the factor can also deviate if the viscosity of the liquid is different.
SprSplashdsdashapprox. 0.6 cm3The amount of liquid that comes out of a bottle when it is tipped very briefly.
shotshotapprox. 25 cm3The amount of liquid that comes out of a bottle when it is tipped very vigorously.
Teaspoon (5 ml)teaspoonts (p)teaspoonpainted: 5 cm3 or 5 ml milliliterscorresponds to 1/3Tablespoon (15 ml)
BLBar spoonts (p)teaspoonpainted: 5 cm3 or 5 ml milliliterscorresponds to 1/3Tablespoon (15 ml) or 1 teaspoon (5 ml)
Tablespoon (15 ml)tablespoontb (sp)tablespoonpainted: 15 cm3 or 15 ml milliliterscorresponds to 3 teaspoons (5 ml)
MspKnife pointThe amount of powder that remains on the first inch of a knife.
PrPrise (amount that can be grasped between two fingers.)prizepnpinchThe amount of powder that can be held between thumb and forefinger while gripping.
very heavyWeight of a used egg with shell. Used in cake recipes to measure the remaining ingredients according to the amount of egg.
A chicken egg weighs between 50 and 75 g, depending on its size (classification) See: Egg as an ingredient.
Common Terms
Abbr. description Abbrev. Engl. description quantity Explanation
pkpackageusual sales quantityz. E.g .: 1 pack of dry yeast
Blleafsh.sheetapprox. 2 gz. E.g .: 1 bl gelatin
klsmallsmsmallrelative specification
mtmedium-sizedmdmediumrelative specification
grlargelglargerelative specification
Beverage dimensions
Abbr. description Abbr. description quantity Explanation
18eighth125 cm3Small wine glass
14quarter250 cm3also: pint, wine glass
12half500 cm3Bavaria: normal beer glass
Measure1000 cm3Bavaria: large beer glass
ptpintUK Imperial: 568 cm3
US wet: 473 cm3
20 UK fluid ounces
16 US fluid ounces
qtquartUK Imperial: 1137 cm3
US wet: 946 cm3
40 UK fluid ounces
32 US fluid ounces
gagallonUK Imperial: 4546 cm3
US wet: 3785 cm3
160 UK fluid ounces
128 US fluid ounces
ponypony (pony shot)30 cm3The smaller side of the bar measure: 1 fluid ounce
Jiggerjigger (single shot)44 cm3The larger side of the bar measure: 1.5 fluid ounces
double shot89 cm32 jiggers: 3 fluid ounces

Conversion table for measurements [edit]

This shows how the volume of an ingredient can be converted into its weight and vice versa (rounded values).

ingredient 100 g of the ingredient = 100 cm3 the ingredient =
water100 cm3100 g
sugar100 cm3100 g
salt80 cm3125 g
rice115 cm385 g
Flour, starch, breadcrumbs145 cm370 g
cocoa170 cm360 g

Dimensions and amounts of various ingredients

This shows the weight of various ingredients in the tea and tablespoon units of measurement (rounded values). The information applies to standardized measuring spoons, which are generally used "canceled". Spoons from the cutlery box have different sizes and are only suitable as a makeshift.

ingredient g in a teaspoon (5 ml milliliters) g in a tablespoon (15 ml milliliters)
Egg, whisked--60
Cheese, grated, Emmental, Gruyère1,54
Cheese, grated, parmesan, shrinz27 g
Ground almonds25
Parsley, chopped1,54
Cream, liquid515
Whipped cream37
food starch410
Tomato paste515
Onion, finely diced310

Cutlery [edit]

Cutlery spoons are not standardized. Older spoons, because they are usually larger and especially deeper, hold larger quantities than today's spoons. Therefore, one should use commercially available measuring spoons for measuring.

  • 1 tablespoon = 10-15 ml milliliters
  • 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons = 9–12 g of flour
  • 1 teaspoon = 5 mlmilliliter = 3–4 g flour
  • 1 knife point = indefinite amount that fits 5–10 mm

English-language recipes [edit]

When searching for a recipe on the Internet, of course, you will often find recipes in English with the usual, often non-metric measurements. The topic also arises when recipes from the Koch Wiki are transferred to the English version. In this case, however, you should try to use metric measurements as far as possible.

International dimensions (USA)

  • 1 grain (gr - gran) = 64.8 mg
  • 1 ounce (oz - ounce) = 28.35 g
  • 1 pound (lb - pound) = 16 oz = 453 g
  • 1 fl.oz (fluid ounce) = 28.4 ml milliliters
  • 1 cup = 238 mlMilliliter = 8 fl.oz
  • 1 pint (pt - pint) = 2 cup = 16 fl.oz.
  • 1 quart (quarter) = 2 pints
  • 1 gallon = 4 quart = 3.785 liters

Web links [edit]