Was Nero the last emperor
Nero was the last emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero blamed the Christians for the great fire of Rome in 64.
The way to the throne
Nero (born 37) was the son of Agrippina the Younger, a sister of the Emperor Caligula. She had married the Emperor Claudius and made sure that her son from her first marriage was at the top of the line of succession. With the adoption by Claudius, he, who was actually called Lucius, was given the name Nero. After Claudius' assassination, Nero became the new emperor. He was only 16 years old.
Nero had received a good education and had been tutored, for example, by the philosopher Seneca. Nero loved art and theater. He was married to Octavia, the daughter of the Emperor Claudius, his stepsister. He was 16 and she was 13 years old.
The rule of Nero
After some very positive and peaceful years, the tide turned. Nero's extravagance and dissolute lifestyle did not go down well. Because of his participation in singing competitions or the Olympic Games, he was ridiculed, especially since he won victories through bribery.
He divorced Octavia, had her banished and murdered. Behind the scenes, his mother pulled the strings. Nero finally resisted and had his mother murdered in 59. Nero was also named as the mastermind behind the poisoning of Britannicus in 55. There were several conspiracies and many executions.
During his reign, the Parthians were defeated in Armenia. A rebellion in Britain was put down.
The great fire of Rome
In 64 a fire broke out in Rome, which left large parts of the city in ruins. Rumors soon arose that Nero had set the fire to rebuild the city and make way for a Golden Palace (Domus Aurea). Nero now needed someone to blame himself and blamed everything on the Christians, whom he now bitterly persecuted and killed.
In reality, the fire probably hadn't been started by anyone: it burned somewhere in Rome every day, and the fire had probably just gotten out of control and spread across the city.
Nero's reputation had continued to decline. Now not only the Senate turned against him, but also his former confidants from the Praetorian Guard. Several governors of the neighboring provinces also turned against Nero.
Nero decided to flee. His bodyguard left him in the lurch. Eventually Nero killed himself with a stab of a dagger. The governor of the province Hispania tarraconensis, Galba, was proclaimed the new emperor. He was the first emperor in the four-emperor year 69.
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