Why were cigarettes invented 1

The cigarette

The cigarette and its history

Cigarettes and other tobacco products, shisha or e-cigarettes are among the luxury goods in this country that many people do not want to do without.

The history of smoking - a little foray

The tobacco plant was originally native to America. Tobacco smoking has its roots in ancient South American and Central American spiritual rituals of the indigenous peoples. The oldest (600 - 500 BC) depictions of tobacco smoking show Maya priests inhaling the smoke from ritual fires.

When Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492, the natives gave the newcomers, among other things, tobacco leaves. The purpose of tobacco leaves, however, only became clear to the conquistadors in Cuba when they observed the locals smoking. The seafarers brought tobacco to Europe.

Tobacco smoking quickly found its way into European society. Within a relatively short period of time, smoking became a fad that got so out of hand in the 16th and 17th centuries that some rulers took countermeasures: In Russia and Turkey there were draconian penalties for tobacco consumption: smokers were excommunicated, banished or even banned the death penalty. Other rulers used the tobacco boom to reorganize the state budget. As early as 1625, tobacco tax was levied by King James I of England.

In the early 19th century, tobacco gradually gained acceptance in society. One smoked as an expression of serenity and superiority and thus documented one's social rank. In the “Third Reich”, on the other hand, the state tried to take countermeasures for reasons of health policy. Smoking women did not fit into the National Socialist image of women. The number of women smokers was actually reduced by the propaganda, but overall tobacco consumption increased in the “Third Reich”.

After the Second World War “the way was clear” and the cigarette began its unhindered triumphal march. The study by the Royal College of Physicians (1962 UK) raised public awareness of the increased risk of smokers developing coronary heart disease or lung cancer. The study marked the beginning of modern awareness of the health hazards that smoking can pose.

The cigarette - an invention of tobacco workers

The cigarette is the most commonly consumed tobacco product of our time. The tobacco workers in the cigar factories in Spain and France came up with the idea of ​​collecting tobacco scraps and smoking them in 1850 to be wrapped in paper: This is how the original form of the cigarette came about. This idea met with great interest from resourceful entrepreneurs and the German Joseph Huppmann's cigarette factory in St. Petersburg began operations as early as 1852. Nine years later he opened his first branch in Dresden. A tobacco cutter and six workers were employed in the Laferme cigarette factory in Dresden. The unstoppable triumph of the cigarette began in Dresden. Imitators were soon found. Just one year later, the "Oriental Tobacco and Cigarette Factory Yenidze" was founded - the first independent cigarette factory in Germany. In 1865 Austria followed suit with cigarette production. In order to increase the production quantities, a machine support for the tobacco processing was necessary. The machine factory Wilhelm Quester in Cologne-Sülz seized the opportunity and opened a plant in 1854 that produced machines for industrial tobacco processing.

The cigarette - an economic factor

Up until the middle of the 20th century, cigarettes in Germany were still mainly made by hand in small and medium-sized businesses. In America, on the other hand, machine production prevailed after the First World War, and the large tobacco companies such as Philipp Morris emerged. Of course, the cigarette industry is also an important economic factor: in Germany it offers jobs for around 10,000 people. The cigarette sales generated in 2012 were estimated at 20.1 billion euros.

The filter cigarette

Originally, cigarettes were made from cut tobacco wrapped in paper. In order to make the taste milder and to reduce the content of harmful gases and condensate, 90% of cigarettes are now with Filters equipped. The basic material for cigarette filters consists of cellulose, which is chemically converted into cellulose acetate during the manufacturing process, woven into continuous threads and glued together at certain points: this maintains gas permeability. In professional circles, however, it is controversial whether smoking filter cigarettes is less harmful to health. Studies have shown that when the smoke is inhaled, tiny fibers of the filter are transported into the lungs.

The most popular brands of cigarettes consist of light-colored tobacco blends, such as American Blend. This mixture consists of 60% Virginia tobacco and 30% Burley tobacco. In addition, 10% oriental tobacco rounds off the taste of the cigarette. Black tobacco varieties have lost significant market share compared to previous consumption habits.

In Germany, fine-cut tobacco varieties are subject to a lower tobacco tax than finished cigarettes. That is why many smokers in this country have switched to rolling their cigarettes themselves or making them themselves using simple cigarette tamping machines for cost reasons.

Because of the health risk of smoking conventional cigarettes, many consumers now favor the e-cigarette: The inhaled gases contain considerably fewer harmful substances and the dangerous tar condensate is completely absent because there is no combustion process with the e-cigarette.

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