What do Hungarians think of Bulgarians
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Hungary will be currently warned.
Hungary was badly affected by COVID-19, but the number of new infections has fallen again. Nationwide, the number of new infections until recently exceeded 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in seven days, which is why Hungary is classified as a risk area.
The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Hungarian national crisis team provide current and detailed figures.
Entry is generally not possible for Germans, among others. Hungary carries out strict EU internal border controls. In principle, only Hungarian nationals can enter the country. Equal to these are persons who are entitled to permanent residence in Hungary and their family members and persons who have a residence permit for Hungary issued by the immigration authorities that is valid for more than 90 days. The circumstances must be proven by suitable documents.
Those arriving via Budapest Airport should fill out the quarantine form in advance and hand it in at passport control.
Temperature measurements are taken as part of the border crossing.
All immigrants are obliged to immediately isolate themselves at home for 10 days, even without an official order; if an infection is suspected, they will be placed in certain quarantine facilities. Anyone who presents two negative PCR tests from Hungarian laboratories that were carried out within five days with a time difference of at least 48 hours can be released from domestic isolation.
The negative result of an initial negative PCR test carried out before entry will be taken into account if it was carried out by a laboratory in the Schengen area, in the USA or in Canada and the negative test result is presented in English or Hungarian. A proven COVID-19 vaccination does not release travelers from the obligation to self-isolate.
Entry is generally permitted without restrictions, special permits, house isolation / quarantine or compulsory testing for (each with appropriate evidence):
- freight transport,
- Business travelers who are returning or entering from an EU / EEA member state or from Great Britain (when entering from other countries, contacting a Hungarian diplomatic mission is recommended),
- Cross-border commuters in a zone up to 30 km from the border for a maximum of 24 hours,
- Hungarian, Polish, Czech and Slovak citizens traveling between these countries,
- Holders of diplomatic or service passports,
- People who can credibly prove when crossing the border that they were already ill with COVID-19 within six months before crossing the border.
In cases of doubt, different individual decisions can be made upon entry.
People who are subject to the general entry ban can apply for a special permit to enter Hungary, but are still subject to quarantine or testing if they are approved. Applications for a special permit can only be submitted electronically via the Hungarian Police website in Hungarian or English for the following reasons:
- Participation in judicial or administrative proceedings in Hungary, which can be proven with a Hungarian document issued by the Hungarian Court of Justice,
- Use of medical care with a corresponding confirmation,
- Compulsory study and examination with a confirmation from the educational institution,
- Travel in passenger traffic to perform work with a confirmation from the employer,
- Participation in family celebrations (marriage, baptism, funeral),
- looking after and caring for family members,
- Participation in an international sport, cultural or church event.
If there are any doubts as to whether the specific case is subject to the general entry ban, it is recommended to apply for a special permit.
The departure of foreigners from Hungary is basically not subject to any restrictions, however, any quarantine measures that may be imposed must be followed or, if necessary, a special permit to leave the country must be applied for.
Transit and onward travel
Transit through Hungary is only possible on the designated corridor routes.
Budapest Airport is open. International air and train traffic generally takes place, but is limited. Cross-border train traffic between Hungary and Serbia and Ukraine is suspended until further notice. MÁV offers railway information.
Restrictions in the country
Hungary has declared the National Dangerous Situation and imposed far-reaching restrictions. There is a night curfew. The only exceptions are journeys between home and work, as well as in situations to avoid damage to health, danger to life or other serious cases of damage. All kinds of events and gatherings are prohibited, professional sporting events without spectators, religious gatherings and individual sports are permitted. Weddings can take place in the immediate family circle, funerals can be attended by a maximum of 50 people. The outdoor areas of the catering establishments are open. Tourist hotel stays in the country are still prohibited.
Masks are required outside in built-up areas, on public transport, in taxis, shops and in health and senior care facilities. There are exceptions for individual sports and for children under six years of age. A distance rule of 1.5 meters applies in shops. Visiting hospitals and retirement homes is prohibited. Compliance with the measures is monitored by the police and the military. Violations of the Corona measures will be punished with temporary closure and / or fines of up to 1,000,000 HUF.
- Note the detailed information on the health situation based on data from the ECDC, existing restrictions including quarantine and testing requirements for travelers and mobile coronavirus contact tracking and warning apps on Re-open EU.
- Note that measures can be changed at short notice. Binding information on the currently applicable Hungarian entry and residence regulations can only be given by the competent Hungarian authorities in Germany, e.g. the Hungarian embassy.
- You can also find out more at the German embassy in Budapest.
- Always follow the instructions and instructions of local authorities.
- When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
In the past, there have been repeated demonstrations in the capital Budapest in protest of the Hungarian government's plans. Isolated riots and traffic obstructions cannot be ruled out.
- If necessary, find out more about the local media and possible restrictions on local public transport from the Budapest transport companies.
- Avoid demonstrations widely.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
Petty crime such as pickpocketing and handbag theft occurs in particular in markets, at train stations, at the counters of the underground and trams, in public transport, in shopping centers and in very touristy places such as the Castle District, the Citadel and the large market hall on the Liberty Bridge in Budapest.
Break-ins and thefts in holiday apartments, even in the presence of the residents, are unfortunately not uncommon, especially around Lake Balaton.
Occasionally, newer, more expensive vehicles in particular are stolen.
Scams such as pointing out alleged damage to the vehicle to get drivers to stop and fake police officers are not unheard of to commit theft.
In the case of chance acquaintances and invitations to bars or clubs, sometimes with the support of the recommendation of taxi drivers, tourists are sometimes confronted with highly overpriced bills and these are also consistently driven.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, and on public transport, and watch out for your valuables.
- Do not leave any valuables or papers behind in holiday apartments for a longer period of time.
- Only park vehicles in guarded parking spaces and do not leave valuables or vehicle papers inside the car.
- Do not stop at the roadside, but continue to the next gas station and check the car there for damage.
- Make sure that the police officers have a badge with a five-digit service number and, if necessary, an ID card in credit card format.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, chance acquaintances and invitations, inquire carefully about prices.
- Do not share any data about yourself, but make sure yourself personally if necessary or contact the local police if necessary.
Nature and climate
There is a continental climate.
Especially in the summer months, the prevailing climatic conditions can lead to bush and forest fires.
Floods occur especially in spring in the north-east of the country on the Tisza River.
- Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
Austria has increased police vehicle controls in the area near the border with Hungary and along the transit routes to Germany. Due to these measures, there may be considerable delays when entering Austria and continuing to Germany.
When crossing the Schengen external borders, not only is the validity of travel documents checked by all travelers, but each travel document is systematically compared with the relevant databases. There may therefore be longer waiting times at the Hungarian-Croatian, Hungarian-Ukrainian and especially the Hungarian-Serbian border.
The Hungarian-Croatian border is an external Schengen border. A border crossing is only possible at the official border crossing points. Border controls continue to take place on both sides.
- Always have a valid travel document with you.
- As a transit traveler, inquire about alternative routes and waiting times at the borders and border crossing points.
- Report your travel plans and apply in good time for a permit for trips with pleasure boats on the Dráva (Dráva) to the Hungarian district police responsible for the respective county. You can find the contact details here for Baranya County and here for Somogy County. The permits issued are valid for the Hungarian territory.
Use less frequented border crossings to cross the border into Serbia, for example the Tompa (Hungary) - Kelebija (Serbia) border crossing.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
There are rail and bus connections, and Budapest has metro, trolleybuses and trams.
The zero alcohol limit applies to motorists in Hungary. If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.5, criminal proceedings will be initiated and the driver's license withdrawn.
Outside built-up areas, dipped headlights must always be switched on on all roads, even in daylight.
Persons who are not the owners of the vehicle used should have a user authorization issued by the owner in Hungarian with them.
During traffic checks in Hungary, the validity of the TÜV sticker is checked and if it is significantly exceeded, the registration certificate and the license plate are confiscated, even if this is only legally permissible if the foreign license plate or license plate is invalid.
If you drive too fast, violate seat belt requirements, drink driving or drive over red traffic lights, fines of up to 300,000 forints (approx. 1,100 euros) can be levied on the spot, which must be paid immediately. Otherwise, the police may confiscate the vehicle and secure the vehicle registration certificate.
Motorways and other roads, including the Budapest bypass, are toll roads in Hungary. Vignettes for cars, motorcycles, buses and trailers can be purchased at the border or at petrol stations and are valid for a week, a month or a year. The recording is done electronically.
With the Hungarian eVignette, the toll is checked electronically via the license plate. When purchasing, you receive a control slip for signature or a confirmation message when purchasing online. The receipt should be checked immediately for correctness of the period of validity and the label and should be kept for verification purposes for at least six months after the expiry of the registered validity.
The toll can be paid at almost every petrol station. The toll fee can also be booked online with a credit card.
Hungary has introduced a route-dependent electronic toll for trucks with a gross vehicle weight over 3.5 tons. The toll is levied on motorways, motorways and national roads. The amount of the toll depends on the type of road used, the vehicle category, the environmental class and the length of the route traveled, see National Toll Collection.
There is a general ban on overtaking trucks. On motorways and two-lane expressways, trucks over 7.5 tonnes are not allowed to overtake between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. during the day. Driving up tight is also prohibited. The distance between two trucks must be sufficient to accommodate at least one other vehicle of the same length.
Entry with German short-term license plates ("yellow license plates") is not recommended. The Hungarian police stations were instructed not to refuse entry or transit to Hungary with these license plates or to confiscate them. If necessary, keepers should use the export license plate.
The German driving license is sufficient.
The trade, possession and import, even the mere consumption of drugs of any kind, are punished much more severely in Hungary than in Germany. Even the discovery of small amounts of whatever active substance, including so-called “soft” drugs such as hashish or marijuana, can lead to longer prison sentences.
Money / credit cards
The national currency is the forint (HUF). It is not advisable to exchange money outside of hotels, exchange offices and banks. In larger cities and international hotels, cash can easily be withdrawn from machines. Payment with credit cards is widespread.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: Yes
- Provisional identity card: Yes
- Children's passport: Yes
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid at the time of entry.
There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.
The import and export of goods is subject to the provisions of the European Union. The principle of no physical checks does not exclude random checks in the context of police surveillance of borders and police controls of cross-border traffic.
When entering Hungary from non-EU countries, Ukraine, Serbia) only 40 cigarettes (corresponds to about 2 packets) or 20 cigarillos or 10 cigars or 50 grams of smoking tobacco may be carried in the entire luggage. This also applies to transit travelers. The usual allowances apply to air travel.
If the allowances are exceeded, sensitive fines are imposed. You can find more information about the duty-free import of goods in luggage on the website of the Hungarian customs.
Alcoholic beverages may only be imported into Hungary - even in transit - if they were already in free circulation in the country of origin (also in another EU member state, e.g. Romania) and have been taxed in accordance with the regulations. This must be proven by a tax stamp or a purchase receipt. The import and transit of privately produced spirits, for which proof of the monopoly and consumption taxes paid is regularly missing, is punished as an administrative offense with a fine of at least 20,000 HUF (approx. 80 euros). Appropriate controls can be expected.
For trips with certain pets (dogs, cats, ferrets) to countries of the European Union with the exception of Ireland, Great Britain, Malta and Finland, where different regulations apply, an EU pet passport is required. He serves among other things. as proof that the animal has been vaccinated against rabies.
The Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture offers a sample ID as well as further information.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required to enter Hungary.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, rabies and TBE.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
West Nile fever
West Nile fever is a viral disease spread by migratory birds and transmitted to humans by diurnal mosquitos. Seasonal outbreaks can occur in Hungary in the summer months; The ECDC provides current case numbers. The infection is mostly clinically normal, but in rare cases severe neurological symptoms can occur. There is no vaccination or specific treatment, see information sheet West Nile fever.
- To avoid West Nile fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Other vector-borne infectious diseases
There are very isolated cases of Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever (transmitted by ticks). A vaccine is not available.
Due to the risk of infection associated with mosquitoes and ticks, it is recommended that all travelers in the risk areas and during transmission times
• to wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts),
• Apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body during the day and in the evening.
Travelers with previous illnesses in particular should seek advice from a travel doctor or family doctor prior to the planned trip.
Since 2005, there have been consistently fewer than 10 cases of rabies in pets and wild animals each year. The last cases documented in humans occurred in 1994.
The state hospitals in Hungary do not always meet Western European standards (e.g. hygiene, service), the technical equipment does not always allow medical treatments at the highest level, despite the good to very good training of the doctors. In the big cities there are private hospitals that offer satisfactory standard medical care. Language difficulties are also to be expected in the health sector.
According to the German-Hungarian social security agreement, there is insurance protection for all German citizens who are legally insured in Germany. The European health insurance card serves as proof.
- Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
- Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from a travel doctor and adjust your vaccination protection. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.
In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:
- All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
- The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
- All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
- In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always just a consultation offer. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.
Country information for your travel destination
Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.
Further information for your trip
The global threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings remains unchanged.
Since September 2014, the terrorist organizations "Al Qaeda" and "Islamic State" (IS) have been threatening with attacks against various countries and their nationals. There were a number of attacks with firearms, explosives, kidnappings and hostage-taking.
Even if there are currently no specific indications of a threat to German interests abroad, it cannot be ruled out that German nationals or German institutions abroad will also become targets of acts of terrorist violence.
Places with a symbolic character come into question as possible targets. These include well-known sights, government and administrative buildings, transport infrastructure (especially airplanes, trains, ships, buses), economic and tourism centers, hotels, markets, religious meeting places and generally larger gatherings of people.
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