What are geological events

From the big bang to planet earth

Million yearseraperiodepochMajor eventsEon: Phanerozoic ("Age of Visible Life")0,012Kanaeozoic
(Earth New Age)quaternaryHolocenePeople settle down, civilization emerges (>> agriculture) (>> industrial revolution) 2,59PleistoceneIce ages, most recently Würm (Alps) or Vistula ice ages (Northern Germany), development of man and spread over the whole earth (>> Man) 5,33NeogenePlioceneAbrupt development of birds and mammals and dominance of mammals, repeated comings and goings of the sea, gradual cooling of the climate towards the Quaternary (>> mammals, mountains and ice).Land bridge between North and South America, man's first relative in Africa.23,0MioceneFormation of the alpine high mountain range from the Himalayas over the Alps and Sierra Nevada (Spain) to the Rif (Morocco); first great apes.33,9PaleogeneOligoceneSeparation of South America, heyday of ungulates.56,0EoceneRapid development of mammals, first primates.66,0PaleoceneAdvancement of mammals; worldwide spread of birds 145Mesozoic
(Mesozoic Ages)chalk Mass extinction - the end of the dinosaurs; Separation of South America from the southern continent, chalk deposits, flowering plants become the predominant land flora.201law The beginning of the disintegration of the supercontinent Pangea with separation of Australia, dinosaurs rule the land, cycads and ferns determine the flora, seas full of ammonites.252Triad Mass extinction
The upswing of reptiles, cycads and fern plants determine the flora and the appearance of the first mammals and dinosaurs.299Paleozoic
(Antiquity)Perm Mass extinction
Formation of the supercontinent Pangea, therapsids (mammal-like reptiles) dominate on land (>> The Age of Fossils).359Carbon Tropical forests of club moss and horsetail trees as well as tree ferns, which were supposed to form the coal (>> The Age of Fossils).419Devon Mass extinction
Heyday of fish; Formation of the amphibians (>> The Age of Fossils).443Silurian Settlement of the mainland (>> The Age of Fossils).485Ordovician
Ice age with mass extinction
Graptolites (colonies of primary consumers in the plankton of the oceans) and coral reefs (>> The Age of Fossils) 541Cambrian Trilobites and other marine animals with shells and armor (>> The Age of Fossils).Eon: Proterozoic ("Age of Early Life")635Neoprotero
zoikumEdiacarium Ediacara fossils and first animals (see also >> The unfolding of life on earth).1000  Snowball earth; Emergence of eukaryotes, multicellular organisms and sexual reproduction; Oxygen atmosphere; Ribbon iron ores; Age of the protozoa, extensive stromatolite reefs (>> The unfolding of life on earth, >> The history of life on earth 1).1600Mesoprotero
zoikum  2500Paleoprotero-Zoic  4000Aeon: ArcheanOldest traces of life on earth (>> The Origin of Life).4600Aeon: HadeanOrigin of the earth (>> The origin of the sun and the earth, >> The earth).13700Origin of the Universe (>> How it all began)