How is grammar different from punctuation

Difference Between Grammar and Punctuation

Key difference - grammar vs. punctuation

Grammar and punctuation are two of the most important aspects of a language. The main difference between grammar and punctuation is that Grammar is the study of the way sentences are constructed in a language while Punctuation is the practice of using established symbols to separate elements and clarify the meaning of a text. Grammar and punctuation are interdependent in the sense that a grammatically correct sentence is incomplete without proper punctuation, and a properly punctuated sentence is not accurate if it is grammatically incorrect. In order to be able to master a language, both aspects must be mastered well.

What is grammar?

Grammar is a set of structural rules that govern the construction of clauses, phrases, and words in a language. It is the study of words; It examines how words change shape and combine with other words to form meaningful sentences. Grammar deals with spelling (correct spelling), chance (word inflection) and syntax (the structure of sentences). Language components (nouns, verbs, pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections) are also examined under grammar.

Grammar can be descriptive or perspective. Descriptive grammar refers to how the language structure should be used by the speakers and authors Perspective grammar explains how this structure is actually used by people.

It is important to note that different languages ​​have different grammars. For example, in English, adjectives are placed before the noun, while in French, adjectives are placed after the noun.

What is punctuation?

Is punctuation a series of symbols used to regulate texts and explain their meaning by dividing the text into sentences, phrases, clauses, etc.. Correct use of punctuation marks is a key characteristic of writing as it indicates how the text should be read. Some common punctuation marks are commas, periods, colons, semicolons, hyphens, question marks, exclamation marks, parentheses, and apostrophes.

Incorrect use of punctuation can lead to a change in meaning. Notice how the difference in punctuation in the following sentences has changed the meaning.

example 1

A woman without her husband is nothing.

A woman without her husband is nothing.

Example 2

Your donation helped someone get a job.

Your donation has helped someone. Look for a job.

Example 3

She loves baking dogs and shopping.

She loves baking, dogs and shopping.

Difference Between Grammar and Punctuation


grammar is a set of rules that govern the construction of words, phrases and clauses.

punctuation is a set of symbols that clarify the meaning of a text.


grammar Covers areas such as orthography, accidence, syntax and parts of language.

punctuation contains marks such as commas, periods, question marks, hyphens, etc.


grammar creates meaningful sentences.

punctuation creates stress, clarity and meaning in one sentence.


grammar changes in different languages.

punctuation does not change significantly compared to grammar.

Written and spoken language

grammar can be observed in both spoken and written language.

punctuation can be observed mainly in written language.


A properly interrupted sentence is not absolutely necessary grammatically correct.

A grammatically correct sentence is not necessarily correct interrupted a.

Image courtesy:

“Punctuation saves lives!” By Darin McClure (CC BY 2.0) via Flickr