What were the main teachings of Mahavira

Mahavira

The ascetic Mahavira asks for alms

Mahavira (Sanskrit: महावीर mahā-vīra m.) a great (Maha) hero (Vira); an epithet Vishnus, Garuḍas, Hanumāns and the founder of Jinism / Jainism; Archer; a large earthen pot that can be placed over a fire; Sacrificial fire (agni); Thunderbolt (vajra); Lion (simha); a white horse; the Indian cuckoo (Kokila); the bird Garuda; the Asiatic wild form of the oleander (Karavira); Helminthostachys zeylanica (Ekavira).

Mahavira is one of the Tirthankaras ("ford preparer", great master) and is considered to be the founder of Jainism. Mahavira was a perfect ascetic. He lived without owning anything. Another name for Mahavira is Jina

Mahavira महावीर mahā-vīra pronunciation

Here you can hear how the Sanskrit word Mahavira, महावीर, mahā-vīra is pronounced:

Sukadev over Mahavira

Transcription of a lecture video (2014) by Sukadev about Mahavira

It is important to be a Vira, a hero, on the spiritual path. It is not for nothing that there is also a heroic position, Vira Bhadrasana, or Viransana, the heroic position that brings energy. On the spiritual path it is important to be humble. But on the spiritual path it is also important to be heroic. It is important to be able to do both: to give in, to let go of what it means in a yoga position, the forward bend, and to be humble, to bow down, as in the position of the child. But it is also important to be powerful, it is important to be strong, it is important to fight. There is so much resistance.

It's not that easy to get up early every morning. It is not easy to stick to ethics. It is not easy to strive to keep the mind under control every day. It is not easy to go through experiences of resistance, emotions, and so on. It is not so easy to withstand temptation, pass tests, etc. It is a matter of being a hero, a spiritual hero. And the great thing is spiritual development, the great thing is ultimately God-realization.

Mahavira is also a nickname for Hanuman, because Hanuman was the greatest hero. And Mahavira is also the name of the founder of Jainism. Jainism is one of the religions of India, a religion that has taken the concept of Ahimsa very far. If you really want to implement non-hurting, and want to respect all living beings, you need great heroism. As Mahatma Gandhi said: “Peacefulness and non-violence are virtues of a strong man. A weak person can hardly practice it. ”Therefore, be a spiritual hero, practice every day, even when it is difficult, stand by your convictions in a friendly way, but also be heroic, be ready to sacrifice some, be ready to give some to do. Become a Mahavira, a hero for the great and the great, small and large.

Swami Sivananda on Mahavira

The Kalpasutra speaks about Mahavira's Nirvana

Article from the book "The Lives of the Saints" by Swami Sivananda, chapter "The Prophets" Copyright: Divine Life Society

Mahavira was born in 599 BC. Born in BC. He lived seventy-two years. He left 569 BC His home. He reached the state of omniscience in 557 BC. And went into nirvana (superconsciousness) in the year 527 BC. He was the last Tirthankara.

Mahavira lived a life of absolute truthfulness, a life of perfect righteousness, and a life of complete purity. He lived without owning anything.

Mahavira's parents were Sidhata, King of Kundalpura and Queen Trisala, known as Priya Karni. "Maha" means great and "Vira" means a hero. “Tirtha” literally means ford, to go across the water to the other side. It denotes a spiritual guide or philosophy who makes it possible to cross the ocean of recurring births in this world. "Kara" means "one who acts". The whole word "Tirthankara" means: a holy teacher, a Jain.

Mahavira was not the founder of Jainism. He revised the teachings of the Jain. He was more of a reformer than a founder of this belief. In Jain metaphysics, "time" is divided into cycles. It is said that in each half-cycle, twenty-four tirthankaras appear at great intervals and renew the teachings preaching. Mahavira was the twenty-fourth, and like everyone else, it is said that he was omniscient.

Mahavira was also known by the names of Vardhamana (always advancing) and Sanmati. At the age of eight he was already observing the twelve vows of Ahimsa, etc. He was obedient to his parents and served them with great devotion and faithfulness. He was a capable statesman. He didn't get married.

Mahavira was lost in deep meditation. He knew that the pleasures of this world were ephemeral and would strengthen the bonds of karma. He knew that renunciation leads to the attainment of eternal bliss. People were very amazed at the virtuous nature of Mahavira at such a young age. He was very interested in meditation. He cultivated the arts of music and literature. Thirty years of Prince Vardhamana's life passed in this way.

Vardhamana saw from his clairvoyant ability that he had gone through innumerable births. He thought, “How many births have passed fruitlessly! I see very clearly that the soul is at its core separate from the matter of karma. I've wasted another thirty years of my life. I have not repented. I have not renounced the world for pure knowledge. The delusion that is the root of all evil has not yet been destroyed. "

Prince Vardhamana was full of remorse. He decided to give up everything worldly. He gave up ties to his parents, friends, and relatives. He meditated on the twelve anuprekshas in accordance with the Jain scriptures:

  1. All worldly things are temporary.
  2. The soul is the only refuge.
  3. This world is beginningless and dishonest.
  4. There is nothing that can help the soul but the soul itself.
  5. Body, mind etc. are essentially separate from the soul.
  6. The soul is pure at its core and the body etc. is unclean at its core.
  7. The soul's limitations come from the influence of karma on it.
  8. Every being should stop this influence.
  9. Liberation is achieved when the karma is used up.
  10. The liberated souls abide in the highest dimension of the cosmos.
  11. Having a human birth in this world and meditating on the nature of the soul is the greatest blessing.
  12. Possessing the three jewels as described by the omniscient is supreme.

Mahavira thought deeply about these things and finally decided to give up his home.

Mahavira's mother said, “My beloved son, you will not be able to endure the harshness of simplicity. There is still time. You must help your father rule the kingdom. You can still become a monk in a few years. "

Mahavira said: “Dear mother! All objects in the world are fleeting like water bubbles. How can one experience happiness in a world that is a place of sickness, sorrow, suffering, pain and death? I have to leave this world behind. "

Mahavira distributed all his wealth to the poor with his own hands. He went into the forest. He undressed there and was now absolutely naked. He turned to the north and said, “Greetings to the Siddhas!” He tore out five tufts of hair with his own hands and became a monk.

Mahavira practiced strict abstinence. He fasted for many days. He meditated on the pure nature of the soul.

Mahavira was tried by the heavenly ones. A group of handsome women surrounded him, but Mahavira remained calm and calm. He attained omniscience. He preached his message of peace for thirty years after achieving omniscience. He wandered through Magadha, Mithila etc. Many kings became his disciples.

See also

literature

  • Walther Schubring, words of Mahavira. Critical translations from the canon of the Jaina (1998)
  • Swami Sivananda, Lives of Saints by the Divine Life Society, India 2009
  • Swami Sivananda, Gods and Goddesses in Hinduism (2008)
  • Swami Sivananda, Inspirational Stories (2005)
  • Swami Sivananda, Divine Knowledge (2001)

Web links

Seminars

Indian writings

May 21, 2021 - May 30, 2021 - Yoga teacher training intensive C - Bhagavad Gita - Live Online
Bhagavad Gita, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Hatha Yoga, teaching techniques, meditation, Sanskrit. Bhagavad Gita: recitation, treatment and interpretation of this "highest wisdom teaching". ...
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This seminar is part of an intensive training course for yoga teachers. You deal intensively with the Bhagavad Gita: recitation, treatment and interpretation of this "highest ...

meditation

May 26th, 2021 - May 26th, 2021 - Bhakti and Meditation - Online Workshop
Time: 5:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. With yoga class, lecture and meditation. Bhakti Yoga is the path of love and devotion to the divine. You will receive an introduction to Bhakti Yoga with a short lecture, take ...
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With Slow Down Yoga you walk a path of conscious deceleration and relaxation. With the help of selected breathing and physical exercises as well as meditations you calm your body, your mind ...

Indian masters

May 26th, 2021 - May 26th, 2021 - Bhakti and Meditation - Online Workshop
Time: 5:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. With yoga class, lecture and meditation. Bhakti Yoga is the path of love and devotion to the divine. You will receive an introduction to Bhakti Yoga with a short lecture, take ...
May 26th, 2021 - May 28th, 2021 - Slow Down Yoga
With Slow Down Yoga you walk a path of conscious deceleration and relaxation. With the help of selected breathing and physical exercises as well as meditations you calm your body, your mind ...

Jnana Yoga, Philosophy Jnana Yoga, Philosophy

May 21, 2021 - May 30, 2021 - Yoga teacher training intensive C - Bhagavad Gita - Live Online
Bhagavad Gita, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Hatha Yoga, teaching techniques, meditation, Sanskrit. Bhagavad Gita: recitation, treatment and interpretation of this "highest wisdom teaching". ...
May 28, 2021 - May 30, 2021 - Asanas in the spirit of Sanskrit
During these hours you hold the asanas a little longer than (possibly) used and enjoy Sanskrit affirmations, which I get from the yoga sutras by Patanjali and Vedantic texts by Adi Shankara ...