What is the best medicine for constipation

Home remedies for constipation: This will help release constipation

Those who suffer from constipation should not resort to laxatives directly. There are numerous home remedies that can get your bowels back on their toes quickly.We tell you what helps with constipation and when it is better to see a doctor.

Like so much in life, bowel movements are a very individual matter. Some people have to do it three times a day, others only three times a week - both and everything in between is okay. Doctors only speak of constipation if the bowel is emptied less than three times a week.Typical symptoms are hard stools, straining to pass stool such as heavy pressing, and a feeling of incomplete bowel movement.

Constipation - called constipation in technical jargon - is widespread: Around 30 percent of Germans regularly suffer from the unpleasant digestive disorder, which is usually associated with a feeling of fullness, abdominal pain and gas. The problem increases with age and is more common in women than men. This is due to hormone fluctuations during pregnancy, periods or menopause.

In most cases, lifestyle is to blame: a low-fiber diet, lack of fluids and too little exercise make the bowel sluggish. Those affected then like to resort to laxatives. It is better, however, to combat the symptoms with natural means. There are some home remedies and tips that will help you get your digestion going again quickly and relieve constipation.

Home remedies for constipation

  • Drinking water: Basically, it is advisable to drink enough if you are constipated - two to three liters of fluid a day is the ideal amount to drink. A glass of lukewarm water in the morning on an empty stomach also stimulates the so-called gastrocolic reflex, which has a positive effect on bowel movements.
  • Move: As a home remedy for constipation, sufficient exercise has also proven itself. Anyone who moves for half an hour every day - even if it's just a walk - naturally stimulates their bowel movements. This way, blockages can be combated and prevented.
  • Caffeine: A cup of coffee in the morning gets the intestines going, because the caffeine it contains has a stimulating effect on metabolism and digestion.
  • Tea:Warm fennel or chamomile tea also has a positive effect on the intestines and prevents flatulence. Senna leaf tea also has a laxative effect.
  • Olive oil:A tablespoon of high-quality olive oil before or after a meal lubricates the intestinal mucosa and makes hard stool smoother. linseed oil or castor oil are also suitable.
  • Warmth:Treatment with heat is suitable for relaxing the intestines and relieving abdominal cramps. Give yourself some rest and place a hot water bottle on your stomach. The warmth promotes blood circulation and stimulates bowel activity.
  • Massage: A gentle stomach massage can also be good because it helps to activate the intestines. According to doctors, massaging the abdominal wall stimulates nerve connections in the bowel, which stimulates natural bowel movement. To do this, massage your stomach in a clockwise circular motion. You can also breathe deeply into your stomach for support. This increases the pressure on the intestines because the organs slide down a little. Many patients report that this natural internal massage has a positive effect.
  • Relaxation: Stress is a common cause of constipation. Yoga, meditation or autogenic training can help calm the sensitive intestines and counteract constipation.
  • Enema: An enema with an enema ball is a quick way to relieve acute constipation. For this, half a liter of lukewarm water or chamomile tea is flushed through an enema or an irrigator through the anus into the intestine. Try to hold the fluid for 5 to 10 minutes before giving in to the urge to defecate. In the pharmacy, single-use enemas, the size of a suppository, are also available with around 200 ml of liquid, which ensure gentle emptying of the rectum.
  • Glauber's salt solution: Used for complete emptying of the bowel. Dissolve 40 grams of Glauber's salt in one liter of lukewarm water and drink the liquid within a quarter of an hour. The effects take a short time and last for some time (sometimes hours).
  • Milk sugar:Lactose is broken down by bacteria in the large intestine into glucose and galactose and then broken down into lactic acid and acetic acid. These two acids have a laxative effect on the intestine similar to Epsom salts and Glauber's salt, but they are milder. If you are constipated, you can take 1 to 4 tablespoons of lactose throughout the day, straight or mixed with yogurt or applesauce. You can get milk sugar from the pharmacy.
  • Food:A high-fiber diet helps digestion. Read on to find out which foods can solve constipation.

Diet for constipation: fiber helps

With the right diet, constipation can be prevented on the one hand, but also resolved on the other. A common mistake is that there are too many fatty foods and too few high-fiber foods on the menu. Dietary fiber stimulates digestion - just 30 grams per day is enough. You can achieve this amount by eating three slices of whole grain bread for breakfast, for example. The hot meal should contain potatoes or rice or whole grain noodles. A little salad and vegetables as well as two servings of fruit should not be missing. Foods that help with constipation include:

  • Flea seeds:Indian flea seeds (Plantago ovata), or psyllium husks, are particularly popular because of their positive effects on constipation. In addition to oils, which have a laxative effect, fleas also contain mucilage and cellulose. Both swell up in the intestine, loosen the stool and thus stimulate digestion. The "lubricating effect" of the mucus also promotes the further transport of the stool in the intestine. The seeds can be mixed with the muesli or you can let them soak in a glass with warm water and then drink the mixture.

Important: Drink enough so that the fleas have enough water in the intestines to swell up. It is best to have two glasses of water immediately after intake and one to one and a half liters of liquid spread over the day.

  • Linseed:Flax seeds also keep the intestines busy. It is important to ensure that there is sufficient fluid intake so that the fibers can swell sufficiently.
  • Wheat Bran: Like flea seeds and flax seeds, wheat bran is one of the fiber-rich bulking agents that stimulate the intestinal activity. The bran also needs sufficient fluid to swell - otherwise it will worsen the discomfort instead of relieving it.
  • Dried fruits: Dried and unsulfurized fruits, such as plums, figs, dates, or apricots, are also effective for constipation. It is full of fiber and has a dehydrating effect. In addition, plums contain pectin-like substances that swell in the intestine and stimulate digestion. It is best to soak the dried fruit in water overnight before eating it. Also Plum juice, preferably on an empty stomach, is a proven remedy for constipation.

Important: With dried plums and the like, you should slowly approach the crowd. At the beginning, two to three fruits are sufficient. Because: Not all of them tolerate the dried fruit. Some people react with gas and diarrhea.

  • Dairy products: Dairy products such as yogurt, kefir or buttermilk have a positive effect on the intestinal flora. The lactic acid bacteria contained in it promote the mobility of the intestine and ensure diverse bacterial colonization: They stimulate the reproduction of good lactobacteria and bifidobacteria. If you stir a tablespoon of flaxseed or wheat bran into the yogurt, the effect can be increased.
  • Sauerkraut: Fermented products, such as sauerkraut or kimchi, contain lactic acid bacteria that stimulate bowel movement. Sauerkraut can be eaten raw or as a juice if you are constipated.
  • Oatmeal: Oatmeal is also a real bowel miracle. In the case of constipation, they help to make the stool smoother due to the fiber and mucilage it contains. Here, too, a few tablespoons a day are enough to benefit from the positive effect. Important: Always drink enough, otherwise the seeds and flakes cannot swell and block the bowel movement.
  • Cherries: Cherries contain a lot of potassium and almost no sodium. This stimulates the kidneys and drains the body, which has a laxative effect. However, this does not start until at least 1 kg of cherries have been consumed.

tip: If you eat a bowl of yogurt with oatmeal, a tablespoon of flaxseed and fresh fruit for breakfast, you have a healthy intestinal starter. A large glass of warm water beforehand - and digestion is stimulated.

Possible causes of constipation

Constipation can be due to many reasons. Often stuck one low fiber diet, Dehydration or Too little movement behind. But serious conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, bowel diverticula, and Crohn's disease can also cause constipation. In addition, constipation can be the symptom of diseases that have nothing to do with the digestive tract. These include nerve and muscle diseases such as Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy and myasthenia gravis. To find out the cause of the constipation, sufferers should see a doctor.

Constipation in Pregnancy

Constipation is one of the classic pregnancy symptoms. More than 40 percent of all pregnant women complain of constipation. That is responsible progesteronethat ensures that the uterus relaxes. The hormones also affect the muscles of the intestine, making it sluggish. In addition, in the last few months of pregnancy, it becomes constricted by the growing uterus, which also promotes constipation. But also unusual, culinary cravings or the often recommended intake of iron supplements can lead to constipation.

Constipation during pregnancy is generally not a threat to mother or child. However, it can be extremely uncomfortable due to the pain and cramps that come with it. Often, too much pressure during bowel movements also results in hemorrhoids, a type of varicose vein with congestion in the vessels at the anus.

Home remedies for constipation during pregnancy

The digestion of pregnant women can usually get going again with exercise, plenty of fluids and a diet rich in fiber. EspeciallyOatmeal, dried fruits, whole grain products, basil and beetroot should land more on the menu. They not only regulate the iron balance, but also contribute to a healthy intestinal flora.

Laxatives, on the other hand, can even be dangerous! Although the remedies provide quick relief, they irritate the intestines too much and increase blood flow to the small pelvis. The stimulated bowel movement can be transferred to the uterus and, in extreme cases, trigger premature births or miscarriages. Laxatives should really only be used as a last resort and only under medical supervision.

After birth blockages can also occur. Women should drink enough during this time. If the intestine still does not get going, help breastfeeding tea with anise, fennel and caraway. Alternatively, those affected could help with lactose or psyllium. In an emergency, the aftercare midwife will do an enema. New mothers are better off keeping their hands off laxatives. There is a risk that the substances will pass into breast milk and the child will develop diarrhea.

Acute and chronic constipation

The symptoms of constipation are expressed in the frequency and effort required to pass stool, as well as the general physical condition and consistency of the stool.

  • Change in the frequency of bowel movements: less than three times a week
  • Change in stool consistency: dry and hard stool
  • increased effort when emptying the bowel
  • Feeling full and unwell
  • Flatulence
  • stomach pain
  • Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel

Acute and chronic constipation differ only in terms of the occurrence and duration of the symptoms. A acute constipation occurs suddenly and usually disappears. Drug therapy is not necessary. Most of the time, simple measures such as more exercise and a high-fiber diet solve the problem. A chronic constipation is when symptoms persist for more than three months.

A doctor should then be consulted, as constipation also involves certain risks: For example, pressing during emptying can push parts of the rectum out of the anus. If you are predisposed, it is also possible that haemorrhoids may develop as a result of hard stool being forced out.

Constipation: when to see a doctor?

If the bowel movement is a little longer in coming, this is not a cause for concern. According to intestinal experts, is a range ofthree times a day up to three times a week completely harmless. As a rule, you do not have to see a doctor in the event of constipation, because the cause is usually harmless, such as a low-fiber diet. Then the home remedies mentioned will help to alleviate the symptoms.

However, despite a healthy lifestyle, digestive troubles last longer and become severePain during bowel movements, stomach pain, or blood in your stool one should consult a doctor. Then there may be an initial illness behind it. Step additionally Nausea, vomiting and colic-like pain caution should be exercised as these symptoms may indicate an intestinal obstruction.

Doctors also advise those affected who have to press hard when defecating. For example, pushing during emptying can push parts of the rectum out of the anus. With assessment, it is also possible that through strong pressing out Haemorrhoids develop from hard stool.

Laxative for constipation

Laxatives promise quick relief from constipation. Paraffin and glycerin are mostly used as Suppositories Introduced into the digestive tract via the anus. Compared to orally administered drugs, they work particularly quickly, which is why you should be near the toilet after using them. The agents form a lubricating film on the intestinal wall and thus promote emptying of the intestine.

Medication With the active ingredients bisacodyl and sodium picosulphate as well as the herbal active ingredients from the medicinal plants aloe, buckthorn and senna leaves are taken orally and develop their effect after six to ten hours. Therefore, they should be taken before going to bed. They have an osmotic effect and increase the water content in the stool by removing the water from the body. According to experts, these gentle active ingredients can also be taken over a longer period of time. But here too, the choice of preparation and the length of time it should be taken should be discussed with a doctor.


There is nothing wrong with taking a drug against constipation for a short time. Laxatives should always be taken in consultation with a doctor and only briefly. Under no circumstances should the preparations be swallowed over a long period of time. Also the dosage shouldn't be too high. Otherwise the intestine gets used to the stimulation and becomes even more sluggish: You become dependent on the laxative. In addition, vitamins and minerals can be lost and the effect of certain drugs can decrease, warns the Gastro-Liga. In addition, you should always use the instruction leaflet to find out about side effects and interactions and consult a doctor if the symptoms persist. In most cases, constipation can be managed by changing diet, maintaining adequate hydration, and increasing physical activity.

Constipation in children

Babies and children can also suffer from constipation. It is estimated that around 30 percent of little ones have problems with bowel movements. Irregular bowel movements are not uncommon in babies and toddlers. In addition, especially with infants, the consistency of the diaper contents often changes several times a day. It is correspondingly difficult to diagnose constipation at all.

The causes are rarely organic, but mostly nutritional or physical in nature. For example, babies who are not breastfed can become constipated if the substitute food is prepared with water with a high content of calcium. Also the Conversion to bulk food affects the digestion of some small children. Above all, make sure that your child is drinking enough. It is also possible that your child does not tolerate certain ingredients in the food. It is best to go to the pediatrician to rule out an intolerance or other illness.

In the case of older children, in most cases it is so-calledHabitual constipation. It occurs when children consistently eat too few vegetables and fruits, do not drink enough, do not move enough or hold back their bowel movements. In most cases, a change in diet, more exercise and increased fluid intake are sufficient to alleviate the symptoms. Tried and tested home remedies such as plum juice, wheat bran or dried fruit can also help.

While constipation is usually harmless in children, it should never be taken lightly. In any case, you should consult a pediatrician as soon as possible, especially if there are other warning signs such as cramps, a feeling of fullness, a bloated stomach, inflammation in the anal region, mucus or blood leakage, fatigue or vomiting. Because behind the complaints, for example, there can also be a Hypothyroidism, food intolerance, appendicitis or even an intestinal obstruction.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.