What is the importance of financial derivatives


derivative financial instruments; Forward transactions on the basis of certain underlyings. These can be fixed or option transactions. Under securities regulatory aspects in accordance with Section 2 II in the WpHG (see also Section 1 XI KWG for regulatory purposes), these are derivatives if their price depends directly or indirectly on
(1) the stock exchange or market price of securities,
(2) the exchange or market price of money market instruments,
(3) interest rates or other income,
(4) the stock exchange or market price of goods or precious metals,
(5) the price of foreign exchange.

Financial swaps and the transactions derived from them such as cap, floor and collar can also be traced back to the basic forms of fixed transactions and options.

Derivative transactions include: currency forwards, stock index futures, stock index options, stock options, caps, collars, precious metal futures, precious metal options, floors, forward rate agreements (FRA), swap transactions, swaptions, commodity futures, interest rate options , Interest rate futures including forward forward deposits received and the exchange rate and index futures.

The derivative transactions (with the exception of the option writer obligations, which by nature do not involve any counterparty risk and therefore no credit risk) are basically to be classified as loans within the meaning of Section 19 I 1 KWG. --– For regulation, see EMIR.