Why do refugees come to our countries

How do refugees get to Europe?

There are almost no legal escape routes to Europe. The reasons for this are that the countries on the Balkan route closed their borders in 2016, the so-called EU-Turkey deal was passed in March 2016 and the EU strengthened its border regime. This means that for most of the refugees there is only the long, arduous and, above all, life-threatening route across the Mediterranean. In order to overcome the sea border, many are dependent on organized escape assistance and smugglers. In 2017 alone, 3,139 people died while crossing the Mediterranean or are missing.
If refugees on the route from North Africa to Italy are picked up by the Libyan coastguard, they will be brought back to Libya. According to the Geneva Refugee Convention, however, European ships would have to bring refugees to mainland Europe, as they are threatened with violence and torture in Libya. However, this principle of non-refoulement has been broken again and again.
Humanitarian aid organizations such as Save the Children or Doctors Without Borders repeatedly rescue refugee boats that are in distress. There is a big debate about who is responsible for the fact that refugee boats repeatedly get into distress, who is responsible for the rescue, who ultimately carries it out and in which port the ships are allowed to dock. (see for example: www.domradio.de)
For women and girls in particular, the risk increases when legal escape routes are blocked. You are repeatedly exposed to physical, psychological and sexualised violence. This is not only carried out by smugglers and other male refugees, but also by those who are actually supposed to guarantee protection: Police officers and UN soldiers often exploit their position of power over the refugees. (More information: https://heimatkunde.boell.de)

As of January 29, 2019