What is the oldest city in Canada

Discover cities in Canada

Dawson City

The city of Dawson arose where the Klondike, the famous gold rush river, flows into the mighty Yukon, just 150 miles south of the Arctic Circle and 50 miles from Alaska. If you are looking for lonely wilderness and adventure, this is the place for you. Because the gold rush of 1896 mainly contributed to the founding of the city.

The houses of this time were extensively renovated and new buildings also have to be built in the historical style. You won't find tarred roads here and so you have the feeling of immersing yourself in another time. Dawson City is also known for the Yukon Quest, the annual 1,600-mile dog sled race between Fairbanks, Alaska and Whitehorse. A compulsory break must be taken at this checkpoint.


The city in the wilderness and the capital of the Yukon Territory lies on the banks of the mighty Yukon River and is framed by lonely mountains. While the city is quite cosmopolitan, the real highlight is the easy access to the breathtaking wilderness all around and the touch of adventure that surrounds the region.


The city between sea and mountains is not considered one of the most livable cities in the world for nothing. Three well-known ski areas are located in the mountains behind Canada's largest city and, depending on the season, offer breathtaking descents or challenging hiking trails. The numerous city beaches invite you to swim or relax.

If you haven't had enough within the city with the extensive Stanley Park, shopping on Robson Street or strolls through numerous charming districts, you can take various trips to the Capilanio Suspension Bridge, Whistler or Victoria. Vancouver is definitely worth a visit!


The capital of British Columbia is located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. The city center with the Fairmont Empress Hotel above the marina is easy to explore on foot. Many buildings that were built before 1945 are listed buildings and thus spread the charm of the old world.

In addition to the Victorian heritage, you can also experience the indigenous heritage and culture of the Asian immigrants, the latter especially in the large Chinatown. The city's many parks and gardens also ensure a varied stay. Of course, the city is also a starting point for whale watching tours.


The capital of Alberta hosts many festivals every year from all imaginable areas, including the largest Fringe Festival in North America.

The city is the gateway to the north and quite cold in the long winters. A visit to the West Edmonton Mall comes in handy - the mall is the largest shopping and entertainment complex in North America. Here you will not only find numerous shops, restaurants and cinemas, but also a water park with a wave pool and water slides, an amusement park with roller coasters and other rides, an ice hockey rink, an artificial lake and an aquarium.


Calgary is a dazzling metropolis and is considered the gateway to the Rocky Mountains. The city celebrates its cowboy, rodeo and country legacy with the annual Stampede Festival. Otherwise, there is hardly anything left to be desired for the visitor: shopping malls, restaurants, theaters and sports facilities provide entertainment. Even in the depths of winter, you can walk over 15 km through the city in the "Plus 15 Skywalk" without going outside. And at the gates of the city, the prairie and the Rocky Mountains await your visit.


The capital of the province of Saskatchewan is home to the famous ounties, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. You should definitely visit the training academy with the morning roll call of the mounted police in their classic, red uniforms as well as the museum about the Mounties!


If not the capital, Saskatoon is definitely the metropolis of Saskatchewan. The Saskatchewan River runs through the city and numerous bridges shape the skyline of the dazzling city. Here the history of the First Nations and the M├ętis becomes tangible. Warm hospitality and numerous cultural events make a visit to the city an unforgettable experience.


The capital of Manitoba is the economic heart of the Prairie Province. The confluence of the Red River and Assiniboine River made the city a "transportation hub" for the indigenous people thousands of years ago. Even today, "The Forks" is a popular meeting place in the heart of the city. Here you will find restaurants, shops and various entertainment options. The winters in the city are very long and cold. The cultural scene that has developed here is all the livelier. Numerous galleries and museums await your visit.


The largest city in Canada is located on Lake Ontario and is the capital of the province of the same name. Toronto is the economic center of Canada and certainly offers many highlights for you too.

Yonge Street is the main shopping street in Toronto and at the same time the "longest street in the world", at least if you count the entire 1896 km including today's Highway 11. Life pulsates here at the beginning of Yonge Street. Numerous small and large shops can be found here, including the famous Eaton Center, lively Dundas Square and the Hockey Hall of Fame, which is popular with hockey fans.

Toronto is easy to visit on foot: Even if the city is very large, many sights are relatively close together. Alternatively, hop-on / hop-off buses run through the city. So you can easily reach the various districts, numerous museums, universities and sights.

The most beautiful views of Toronto, however, are from the CN Tower, the city's landmark, and from the Toronto Islands. The Toronto Islands are accessible by boat and offer fantastic views of the Toronto skyline. They are also a real recreational area.


The capital of Canada is located in Ontario on the border with Quebec and thus connects the two most populous provinces. This is why English and French are spoken equally in Ottawa and the twin city of Gatineau on the other bank of the Ottawa River.

In addition to the Parliament building on Parliaments Hill, numerous museums and galleries are waiting to be explored by you. In the historic ByWard Market district you will find lively markets and shops during the day and the atmosphere in the restaurants, bars and nightclubs in the evening.

You can find tranquility in one of the many parks that are located along the Ottawa River, Rideau River and Rideau Canal. Since downtown Ottawa is not that big, the main attractions can be easily explored on foot.


The French-influenced city, with a huge labyrinth of shopping malls, lies on the banks of the St. Lawrence River. The French charm is particularly evident in the old town. You should definitely see the Basilique de Notre Dame, the Biodome de Montreal, the mountain Mont Royal with its fantastic view of the city, L'Oratoire Saint-Joseph, an impressively large domed church, and the old port.

Many festivals take place in the very lively city. Montreal is also home to many circus companies, such as Cirque du Soleil, and has its own circus school. Maybe you have the opportunity to attend one of the numerous performances!


The capital of Nova Scotia impresses with its maritime charm. It lies on a headland and is therefore largely surrounded by the sea. The British built a large fortification behind the natural harbor. The star-shaped citadel towers over the city on Citadell Hill.

The center of Halifax is quite compact and easy to explore on foot. Discover local delicacies at the historic Farmers Market or follow in the footsteps of immigrants at the Canadian Museum of Immigration. And while you're at the harbor, you can fortify yourself in the hip restaurants in the former warehouses. Fish and seafood are particularly on the menu, above all: lobster!


Prince Edward Island is Canada's smallest province and the historic port city of Charlottetown is its capital. In addition to historical buildings and the popular Anne of Green Gables musical, various festivals attract travelers here. Explore the small, lively city with its restaurants, quaint shops and trendy eateries on foot and immerse yourself in the charm of Canada's native city. It was here in the Province House in 1864 that the future Canadian Confederation was discussed.

St. John's (Newfoundland & Labrador)

St. John's is the more tranquil provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador. Not only is it the oldest city in Canada, it is also the easternmost. Nestled against a well-protected natural harbor, the alleys lined with pastel-colored houses rise steeply in places.

The Cabot Tower, one of the most beautiful viewpoints in Canada, which stands on Signal Hill, is visible from afar. You can also visit the harbor with its restored warehouses, the Murray Premises, with restaurants and shops. St. John's enchants you with a cozy yet lively atmosphere. The Trans-Canada-Highway No. 1 starts here in St. John's and ends after 7000 km in Victoria, British Columbia.