Which country has the longest life expectancy
Life expectancy: This is where people in Germany live the longest
How long someone lives depends heavily on where they live - also in Germany. A new evaluation shows how high the life expectancy is for women and men in all German districts.
Those who live in a rich area with high recreational value and well-paid work live longer. This also applies to Germany. No wonder that people in the richest district are getting very old: In the Bavarian district of Starnberg, women are on average as old as nowhere else in the country: the average life expectancy there is 85.7 years. Starnberg men live on average 80.7 years - fourth place in a nationwide comparison.
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The numbers come from an evaluation by the sociologists and demographers Roland Rau and Carl Schmertmann in the Deutsches Ärzteblatt. To determine life expectancy for all 402 German rural districts, they used population figures and deaths in the years between 2015 and 2017.
Accordingly, the range of life expectancy for men is 5.4 years - in Germany they will be between 75.8 and 81.2 years old. The difference is lower for women, at 3.9 years (81.8 to 85.7 years).
Life expectancy has nothing to do with the city or the country
The serious differences in life expectancy have nothing to do with urban and rural areas, the researchers write. For men, the district of Munich is in first place and for women in third place. The city of Munich also apparently ensures a long life (women in second place with 85.5 years, men in third place with 80.8 years).
In the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district around Freiburg, men are the second oldest on average at 80.9 years of age. The Taunus district and many Bavarian and Baden-Württemberg districts are also far ahead. It is noteworthy, however, that although Stuttgart made fourth place for women, life expectancy for men was only 44th.
The five cities and districts with the highest and lowest life expectancy for women in Germany
According to the analysis, the youngest people die on average in Germany in rural areas of the former GDR and in the Ruhr area. The life expectancy of men is worst in Bremerhaven. It is 75.8 years on average - and thus roughly on a par with Oman, as the researchers write. Women in the Salzlandkreis die youngest at an average of 81.8 years - which roughly corresponds to life expectancy in the Czech Republic. Life expectancy in Saxony-Anhalt is particularly short. For men, all rural districts are below the lowest ten percent, for women it is all but one.
The five cities and districts with the highest and lowest life expectancy for men in Germany
"Improving living standards for poorer parts of the population"
For the authors of the study, factors such as city or country, per capita income or population density are less relevant for life expectancy. Rather, what counted were "economic indicators" that relate to poorer groups of people. This included child poverty, the unemployment rate and the proportion of people who receive housing benefit or Hartz IV. Poverty and unemployment could make people sick, and people in difficult socio-economic situations were less health-conscious.
"Social health inequalities exist even in a wealthy country like Germany," says the Ärzteblatt. People of low social status have a higher risk of dying at a younger age than those who are better off.
The results indicated that "measures that improve living standards for poorer sections of the population are most likely to reduce the existing differences in life expectancy."
So will you live longer when you move to Munich? Of course not. Because individual life expectancy depends on many different factors. If you eat well in Salzgitter, do sport and take care of yourself, you may become older than a non-sportsman who smokes in Munich.
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